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Review

Coping with the Challenges of Abiotic Stress in Plants: New Dimensions in the Field Application of Nanoparticles

1
Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Southern Federal University, 344090 Rostov-on-Don, Russia
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Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143005, India
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Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Botany, Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur 313001, India
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Centre of Advanced Studies in Botany, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India
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Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning 530007, China
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Plant Stress Biology Laboratory, Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development, Banaras, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India
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Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Science, Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Krzysztof Sitko
Plants 2021, 10(6), 1221; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061221
Received: 7 May 2021 / Revised: 11 June 2021 / Accepted: 11 June 2021 / Published: 15 June 2021
Abiotic stress in plants is a crucial issue worldwide, especially heavy-metal contaminants, salinity, and drought. These stresses may raise a lot of issues such as the generation of reactive oxygen species, membrane damage, loss of photosynthetic efficiency, etc. that could alter crop growth and developments by affecting biochemical, physiological, and molecular processes, causing a significant loss in productivity. To overcome the impact of these abiotic stressors, many strategies could be considered to support plant growth including the use of nanoparticles (NPs). However, the majority of studies have focused on understanding the toxicity of NPs on aquatic flora and fauna, and relatively less attention has been paid to the topic of the beneficial role of NPs in plants stress response, growth, and development. More scientific attention is required to understand the behavior of NPs on crops under these stress conditions. Therefore, the present work aims to comprehensively review the beneficial roles of NPs in plants under different abiotic stresses, especially heavy metals, salinity, and drought. This review provides deep insights about mechanisms of abiotic stress alleviation in plants under NP application. View Full-Text
Keywords: abiotic stresses; environmental contaminants; heavy metals; nanoparticles; soil abiotic stresses; environmental contaminants; heavy metals; nanoparticles; soil
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rajput, V.D.; Minkina, T.; Kumari, A.; Harish; Singh, V.K.; Verma, K.K.; Mandzhieva, S.; Sushkova, S.; Srivastava, S.; Keswani, C. Coping with the Challenges of Abiotic Stress in Plants: New Dimensions in the Field Application of Nanoparticles. Plants 2021, 10, 1221. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061221

AMA Style

Rajput VD, Minkina T, Kumari A, Harish, Singh VK, Verma KK, Mandzhieva S, Sushkova S, Srivastava S, Keswani C. Coping with the Challenges of Abiotic Stress in Plants: New Dimensions in the Field Application of Nanoparticles. Plants. 2021; 10(6):1221. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061221

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rajput, Vishnu D., Tatiana Minkina, Arpna Kumari, Harish, Vipin K. Singh, Krishan K. Verma, Saglara Mandzhieva, Svetlana Sushkova, Sudhakar Srivastava, and Chetan Keswani. 2021. "Coping with the Challenges of Abiotic Stress in Plants: New Dimensions in the Field Application of Nanoparticles" Plants 10, no. 6: 1221. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061221

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