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Article

Assessment of Nutritional and Quality Properties of Leaves and Musts in Three Local Spanish Grapevine Varieties Undergoing Controlled Climate Change Scenarios

1
Plant Stress Physiology Group, Department of Environmental Biology, School of Sciences, Universidad de Navarra, Associated to CSIC (EEAD, Zaragoza, ICVV, Logroño), 31008 Pamplona, Spain
2
Departamento de Pomología, Estación Experimental de Aula Dei, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), 50080 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul K. Boss
Plants 2021, 10(6), 1198; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061198
Received: 24 May 2021 / Revised: 8 June 2021 / Accepted: 10 June 2021 / Published: 11 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Physiological Responses to Climate Change)
The market demand together with the need for alternatives to withstand climate change led to the recovery of autochthonous grapevine varieties. Under climate change, the summer pruning of vineyards may lead to an increase of vegetative residuals of nutritional and medicinal interest. The objectives of our study were (1) to evaluate the nutritional properties of the leaves of three local Spanish grapevines (Tinto Velasco, TV, Pasera, PAS, and Ambrosina, AMB) when grown under climate change conditions, and (2) to test the potentiality of these grapevines as suitable candidates to be cultivated under climate change scenarios based on the quality of their must. Experimental assays were performed with fruit-bearing cuttings grown in temperature gradient greenhouses that simulate rising CO2 (700 μmol mol1) and warming (ambient temperature +4 °C), either acting alone or in combination. TV and AMB were the most and the least affected by air temperature and CO2 concentration, respectively. The interaction of elevated CO2 with high temperature induced the accumulation of proteins and phenolic compounds in leaves of TV, thus enhancing their nutritional properties. In PAS, the negative effect of high temperature on protein contents was compensated for by elevated CO2. Warming was the most threatening scenario for maintaining the must quality in the three varieties, but elevated CO2 exerted a beneficial effect when acting alone and compensated for the negative effects of high temperatures. While TV may be a candidate to be cultivated in not very warm areas (higher altitudes or colder latitudes), PAS behaved as the most stable genotype under different environmental scenarios, making it the most versatile candidate for cultivation in areas affected by climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: autochthonous grapevine varieties; elevated CO2; nutritional properties; phenolic compounds; primary metabolites; warming autochthonous grapevine varieties; elevated CO2; nutritional properties; phenolic compounds; primary metabolites; warming
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goicoechea, N.; Jiménez, L.; Prieto, E.; Gogorcena, Y.; Pascual, I.; Irigoyen, J.J.; Antolín, M.C. Assessment of Nutritional and Quality Properties of Leaves and Musts in Three Local Spanish Grapevine Varieties Undergoing Controlled Climate Change Scenarios. Plants 2021, 10, 1198. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061198

AMA Style

Goicoechea N, Jiménez L, Prieto E, Gogorcena Y, Pascual I, Irigoyen JJ, Antolín MC. Assessment of Nutritional and Quality Properties of Leaves and Musts in Three Local Spanish Grapevine Varieties Undergoing Controlled Climate Change Scenarios. Plants. 2021; 10(6):1198. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061198

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goicoechea, Nieves, Leyre Jiménez, Eduardo Prieto, Yolanda Gogorcena, Inmaculada Pascual, Juan J. Irigoyen, and María C. Antolín 2021. "Assessment of Nutritional and Quality Properties of Leaves and Musts in Three Local Spanish Grapevine Varieties Undergoing Controlled Climate Change Scenarios" Plants 10, no. 6: 1198. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061198

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