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Bioacaricidal Potential of Moringa oleifera Ethanol Extract for Tetranychus merganser Boudreaux (Acari: Tetranychidae) Control

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Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Soledad de Graciano Sánchez 78321, San Luis Potosí, Mexico
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Faculty of Chemical Science, Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, Saltillo 25280, Coahuila, Mexico
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Faculty of Business and Engineering San Quintín, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, San Quintín 22930, Baja California, Mexico
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Parasitology Department, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Saltillo 25315, Coahuila, Mexico
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Institute of Applied Ecology, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas, Victoria City 87019, Tamaulipas, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincent G.M. Bus
Plants 2021, 10(6), 1034; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061034
Received: 25 April 2021 / Revised: 12 May 2021 / Accepted: 20 May 2021 / Published: 21 May 2021
The Tetranychidae family includes mites causing severe damage to agricultural fields. The red spider mite, Tetranychus merganser Boudreaux (Acari: Tetranychidae), causes severe damage to several plant species grown as cash crops. Current red spider mite control depends mainly on chemical insecticides. There is a need for alternate control measures that are environmentally friendlier than chemical pesticides. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of Moringa oleifera leaf ethanolic extract at different concentrations (0.1, 0.5, 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20% (v/v)) against T. merganser females. Such effects can serve as a basis to include this compound in integrated pest management programs for the control of red spider mites. Mites treated with 20% (v/v) killed 86.67%, 13.70%, and 96.30% at 24, 48, and 72 h, respectively, as compared to the control treatment. Oviposition, egg hatching, and the damage caused by red spider mites were all reduced at high concentrations. Moringa oleifera leaf ethanolic extract can be used as a powerful bioacaricide for the control of T. merganser. View Full-Text
Keywords: red spider mite; oviposition; hatched eggs; damage; feed intake; mortality; residual red spider mite; oviposition; hatched eggs; damage; feed intake; mortality; residual
MDPI and ACS Style

Heinz-Castro, R.T.Q.; Arredondo-Valdés, R.; Ordaz-Silva, S.; Méndez-Cortés, H.; Hernández-Juárez, A.; Chacón-Hernández, J.C. Bioacaricidal Potential of Moringa oleifera Ethanol Extract for Tetranychus merganser Boudreaux (Acari: Tetranychidae) Control. Plants 2021, 10, 1034. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061034

AMA Style

Heinz-Castro RTQ, Arredondo-Valdés R, Ordaz-Silva S, Méndez-Cortés H, Hernández-Juárez A, Chacón-Hernández JC. Bioacaricidal Potential of Moringa oleifera Ethanol Extract for Tetranychus merganser Boudreaux (Acari: Tetranychidae) Control. Plants. 2021; 10(6):1034. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061034

Chicago/Turabian Style

Heinz-Castro, Rapucel Tonantzin Quetzalli, Roberto Arredondo-Valdés, Salvador Ordaz-Silva, Heriberto Méndez-Cortés, Agustín Hernández-Juárez, and Julio Cesar Chacón-Hernández. 2021. "Bioacaricidal Potential of Moringa oleifera Ethanol Extract for Tetranychus merganser Boudreaux (Acari: Tetranychidae) Control" Plants 10, no. 6: 1034. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061034

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