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Geo-Referencing and Mapping 1901 Census Addresses for England and Wales

Department of Geography, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(8), 320; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8080320
Received: 21 May 2019 / Revised: 28 June 2019 / Accepted: 20 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Historical GIS and Digital Humanities)
Geocoding historical addresses is a primary yet nontrivial application of spatial analysis in historical geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial humanities. We demonstrate our endeavours of geo-referencing and visualising historical census addresses in England and Wales, by matching the residential addresses to a historical gazetteer and a contemporary address database of Britain. The results indicate that it is feasible to standardise and geocode a large share of unique addresses from the historical database. The historical gazetteer and the modern address registers are two complementary data assets that can be used to geo-reference both well-formatted addresses in urban areas and non-standard addresses such as place names or building names in rural areas. The geo-referenced historical census data open up new opportunities for a broad spectrum of geo-demographic research on historical population characteristics at the micro level in England and Wales. View Full-Text
Keywords: historical censuses; geocoding; address matching; historical geo-demographics; spatial humanities historical censuses; geocoding; address matching; historical geo-demographics; spatial humanities
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Lan, T.; Longley, P. Geo-Referencing and Mapping 1901 Census Addresses for England and Wales. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 320.

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