Next Article in Journal
Landslide Susceptibility Assessment at Mila Basin (Algeria): A Comparative Assessment of Prediction Capability of Advanced Machine Learning Methods
Previous Article in Journal
Association Rules-Based Multivariate Analysis and Visualization of Spatiotemporal Climate Data
Open AccessArticle

GIS Application to Regional Geological Structure Relationship Modelling Considering Semantics

1, 2,3,4,* and 2,3,4
School of Resources and Environment, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment, Nanjing Normal University, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China
State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Geographical Environment Evolution (Jiangsu Province), Nanjing 210023, China
Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(7), 267;
Received: 11 April 2018 / Revised: 26 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 July 2018 / Published: 9 July 2018
PDF [12575 KB, uploaded 9 July 2018]


GIS modelling, which is often employed to establish the abstract structural forms of geological phenomena and their structural relationships, is of great importance for the expression and analysis of geological structures to describe and express such phenomena accurately and intuitively. However, current GIS modelling schemes value structural forms over structural relationships, and existing geological semantic expressions in the modelling of geological relationships are incomplete. Therefore, this paper categorizes geological relationships into three levels: geological phenomena, geological objects and geological spatial objects: (1) based on their definitions, this work categorizes geological relationships into internal composition relationships and external combined relationships for a total of two categories, eight classes and 27 small groups; (2) this work also improves the system with a total of 33 classified geological objects by transforming the relationships between geological phenomena into relationships between geological objects; and (3) based on the 27 small groups of geological relationships, through the corresponding geometric and semantic expressions between topological rules and geological rules and between relationship rules and geological rules, this work then expresses internal composition relationships as topological relationships between geological spatial objects and expresses external combined relationships as association relationships between geological spatial objects. A GIS model of geological relationships that integrates their geometries and semantics is then built. Finally, taking the Dagang-Danyang section of the Ningzhen mountains as an example, the results show that the proposed GIS modelling method can better store and express geological phenomena, geological objects and geological spatial objects in a way that integrates geometry and semantics. View Full-Text
Keywords: regional geological structure; geological relationship; semantics; object-orient; GIS modelling regional geological structure; geological relationship; semantics; object-orient; GIS modelling

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

He, H.; Hu, D.; Lü, G. GIS Application to Regional Geological Structure Relationship Modelling Considering Semantics. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 267.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. EISSN 2220-9964 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top