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Enhancing Location-Related Hydrogeological Knowledge

Department of Geography, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu 51014, Estonia
Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences, Wairakei Research Centre, Private Bag 2000, Taupo 3352, New Zealand
National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Limited, P.O. Box 11 115, Hamilton 3251, New Zealand
Interfaculty Department of Geoinformatics—Z_GIS, University of Salzburg, Salzburg 5020, Austria
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(4), 132;
Received: 29 January 2018 / Revised: 19 March 2018 / Accepted: 22 March 2018 / Published: 24 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Place-Based Research in GIScience and Geoinformatics)
We analyzed the corpus of three geoscientific journals to investigate if there are enough locational references in research articles to apply a geographical search method, such as the example of New Zealand. Based on all available abstracts and all freely available papers of the “New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics”, the “New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research”, and the “Journal of Hydrology, New Zealand”, we searched title, abstracts, and full texts for place name occurrences that match records from the official Land Information New Zealand (LINZ) gazetteer. We generated ISO standard compliant metadata records for each article including the spatial references and made them available in a public catalogue service. This catalogue can be queried for articles based on authors, titles, keywords, topics, and spatial reference. We visualize the results in a map to show which area the research articles are about, and how much and how densely geographic space is described through these geoscientific research articles by mapping mentioned place names by their geographic locations. We outlined the methodology and technical framework for the geo-referencing of the journal articles and the platform design for this knowledge inventory. The results indicate that the use of well-crafted abstracts for journal articles with carefully chosen place names of relevance for the article provides a guideline for geographically referencing unstructured information like journal articles and reports in order to make such resources discoverable through geographical queries. Lastly, this approach can actively support integrated holistic assessment of water resources and support decision making. View Full-Text
Keywords: metadata; geo-referencing; CSW; ISO standards; hydrology metadata; geo-referencing; CSW; ISO standards; hydrology
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Graphical abstract

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1153887
    Description: Geo-referencing of journal articles and platform design for spatial query capabilities
MDPI and ACS Style

Kmoch, A.; Uuemaa, E.; Klug, H.; Cameron, S.G. Enhancing Location-Related Hydrogeological Knowledge. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 132.

AMA Style

Kmoch A, Uuemaa E, Klug H, Cameron SG. Enhancing Location-Related Hydrogeological Knowledge. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2018; 7(4):132.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kmoch, Alexander, Evelyn Uuemaa, Hermann Klug, and Stewart G. Cameron. 2018. "Enhancing Location-Related Hydrogeological Knowledge" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 7, no. 4: 132.

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