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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(12), 469; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7120469

Reduction of Map Information Regulates Visual Attention without Affecting Route Recognition Performance

1
Geography Department, Cartography, Ruhr University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
2
Institute of Geography, Heidelberg University, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
3
Methodology and Evaluation, International Psychoanalytic University, 10555 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 September 2018 / Revised: 24 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 30 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Trends in Location Based Services and Science)
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Abstract

Map-based navigation is a diverse task that stands in contradiction to the goal of completeness of web mapping services. As each navigation task is different, it also requires and can dispense with different map information to support effective and efficient wayfinding. Task-oriented reduction of the elements displayed in a map may therefore support navigation. In order to investigate effects of map reduction on route recognition and visual attention towards specific map elements, we created maps in which areas offside an inserted route were displayed as transparent. In a route memory experiment, where participants had to memorize routes and match them to routes displayed in following stimuli, these maps were compared to unmodified maps. Eye movement analyses revealed that in the reduced maps, areas offside the route were fixated less often. Route recognition performance was not affected by the map reduction. Our results indicate that task-oriented map reduction may direct visual attention towards relevant map elements at no cost for route recognition. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognitive cartography; empirical cartography; spatial cognition; volunteered geographic information; landmarks; map pictograms; route memory; recognition; story telling cognitive cartography; empirical cartography; spatial cognition; volunteered geographic information; landmarks; map pictograms; route memory; recognition; story telling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Keil, J.; Mocnik, F.-B.; Edler, D.; Dickmann, F.; Kuchinke, L. Reduction of Map Information Regulates Visual Attention without Affecting Route Recognition Performance. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 469.

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