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Geo-Environmental Estimation of Land Use Changes and Its Effects on Egyptian Temples at Luxor City

Italian National Research Council, C.da Santa Loja, Tito Scalo, 85050 Potenza, Italy
Department of European and Mediterranean Cultures, Architecture, School of Architecture, University of Basilicata, 75100 Matera, Italy
Department of Population Studies and Archaeology, National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences, Cairo 1564, Egypt
Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, University of Kafrelsheikh, Kafr el Sheikh 1501, Egypt
Department of History, Human Sciences and Training, University of Sassari, 07100 Sardinia, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(11), 378;
Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 28 October 2017 / Accepted: 14 November 2017 / Published: 22 November 2017
PDF [23990 KB, uploaded 22 November 2017]


Over the years, the Egyptian temples at Luxor city have been intensely investigated, but most of these studies just focused on the classical sides of the archaeological and historical descriptions. Many of the environmental problems are the inevitable results of the unplanned urban crawling around the monuments temples. This paper aims at assessing the environmental changes around some temples of Luxor City using remote sensing and GIS techniques. In particular, a historical database made up of Corona and Landsat TM data have been investigated along with the new acquisitions of Quickbird 2 and Sentinel 2. Results from our investigation highlighted rapid changes in urban and agricultural areas, which adversely affected the Egyptian monumental temples causing serious degradation phenomena. Using the information obtained from our RS&GIS based analysis, mitigation strategies have been also identified for supporting the preservation of the archaeological area. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental risks; satellite data; GIS techniques; Egyptian temples environmental risks; satellite data; GIS techniques; Egyptian temples

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Elfadaly, A.; Wafa, O.; Abouarab, M.A.R.; Guida, A.; Spanu, P.G.; Lasaponara, R. Geo-Environmental Estimation of Land Use Changes and Its Effects on Egyptian Temples at Luxor City. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 378.

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