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Article

A Mechanistic Data-Driven Approach to Synthesize Human Mobility Considering the Spatial, Temporal, and Social Dimensions Together

1
Department of Computer Science, University of Pisa, 56127 Pisa, Italy
2
Institute of Information Science and Technologies (ISTI), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), 56124 Pisa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(9), 599; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10090599
Received: 26 July 2021 / Revised: 8 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 11 September 2021
Modelling human mobility is crucial in several areas, from urban planning to epidemic modelling, traffic forecasting, and what-if analysis. Existing generative models focus mainly on reproducing the spatial and temporal dimensions of human mobility, while the social aspect, though it influences human movements significantly, is often neglected. Those models that capture some social perspectives of human mobility utilize trivial and unrealistic spatial and temporal mechanisms. In this paper, we propose the Spatial, Temporal and Social Exploration and Preferential Return model (STS-EPR), which embeds mechanisms to capture the spatial, temporal, and social aspects together. We compare the trajectories produced by STS-EPR with respect to real-world trajectories and synthetic trajectories generated by two state-of-the-art generative models on a set of standard mobility measures. Our experiments conducted on an open dataset show that STS-EPR, overall, outperforms existing spatial-temporal or social models demonstrating the importance of modelling adequately the sociality to capture precisely all the other dimensions of human mobility. We further investigate the impact of the tile shape of the spatial tessellation on the performance of our model. STS-EPR, which is open-source and tested on open data, represents a step towards the design of a mechanistic data-driven model that captures all the aspects of human mobility comprehensively. View Full-Text
Keywords: human mobility; generative models; synthetic trajectories; social network; data science; mechanistic models; mathematical modelling human mobility; generative models; synthetic trajectories; social network; data science; mechanistic models; mathematical modelling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cornacchia, G.; Pappalardo, L. A Mechanistic Data-Driven Approach to Synthesize Human Mobility Considering the Spatial, Temporal, and Social Dimensions Together. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 599. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10090599

AMA Style

Cornacchia G, Pappalardo L. A Mechanistic Data-Driven Approach to Synthesize Human Mobility Considering the Spatial, Temporal, and Social Dimensions Together. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(9):599. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10090599

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cornacchia, Giuliano, and Luca Pappalardo. 2021. "A Mechanistic Data-Driven Approach to Synthesize Human Mobility Considering the Spatial, Temporal, and Social Dimensions Together" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 9: 599. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10090599

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