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Article

Spatiotemporal Influence of Land Use/Land Cover Change Dynamics on Surface Urban Heat Island: A Case Study of Abuja Metropolis, Nigeria

1
College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
International Center for Architecture and Urban Development Studies, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
3
Institute of Applied Remote Sensing and Information Technology, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wolfgang Kainz and Martin Behnisch
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(5), 272; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050272
Received: 24 February 2021 / Revised: 11 April 2021 / Accepted: 22 April 2021 / Published: 23 April 2021
Rapid urbanization in cities and urban centers has recently contributed to notable land use/land cover (LULC) changes, affecting both the climate and environment. Therefore, this study seeks to analyze changes in LULC and its spatiotemporal influence on the surface urban heat islands (UHI) in Abuja metropolis, Nigeria. To achieve this, we employed Multi-temporal Landsat data to monitor the study area’s LULC pattern and land surface temperature (LST) over the last 29 years. The study then analyzed the relationship between LULC, LST, and other vital spectral indices comprising NDVI and NDBI using correlation analysis. The results revealed a significant urban expansion with the transformation of 358.3 sq. km of natural surface into built-up areas. It further showed a considerable increase in the mean LST of Abuja metropolis from 30.65 °C in 1990 to 32.69 °C in 2019, with a notable increase of 2.53 °C between 2009 and 2019. The results also indicated an inverse relationship between LST and NDVI and a positive connection between LST and NDBI. This implies that urban expansion and vegetation decrease influences the development of surface UHI through increased LST. Therefore, the study’s findings will significantly help urban-planners and decision-makers implement sustainable land-use strategies and management for the city. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use/land cover (LULC); urbanization; urban heat island (UHI); land surface temperature (LST); normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI); normalized difference built-up index (NDBI); Abuja Metropolis land use/land cover (LULC); urbanization; urban heat island (UHI); land surface temperature (LST); normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI); normalized difference built-up index (NDBI); Abuja Metropolis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Koko, A.F.; Yue, W.; Abubakar, G.A.; Alabsi, A.A.N.; Hamed, R. Spatiotemporal Influence of Land Use/Land Cover Change Dynamics on Surface Urban Heat Island: A Case Study of Abuja Metropolis, Nigeria. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 272. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050272

AMA Style

Koko AF, Yue W, Abubakar GA, Alabsi AAN, Hamed R. Spatiotemporal Influence of Land Use/Land Cover Change Dynamics on Surface Urban Heat Island: A Case Study of Abuja Metropolis, Nigeria. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(5):272. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050272

Chicago/Turabian Style

Koko, Auwalu F., Wu Yue, Ghali A. Abubakar, Akram A.N. Alabsi, and Roknisadeh Hamed. 2021. "Spatiotemporal Influence of Land Use/Land Cover Change Dynamics on Surface Urban Heat Island: A Case Study of Abuja Metropolis, Nigeria" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 5: 272. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050272

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