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A Survey of Behavioral Models for Social Robots

The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, 56025 Pontedera (PI), Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Robotics 2019, 8(3), 54;
Received: 17 May 2019 / Revised: 2 July 2019 / Accepted: 5 July 2019 / Published: 9 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Italian Robotics)
The cooperation between humans and robots is becoming increasingly important in our society. Consequently, there is a growing interest in the development of models that can enhance and enrich the interaction between humans and robots. A key challenge in the Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) field is to provide robots with cognitive and affective capabilities, by developing architectures that let them establish empathetic relationships with users. Over the last several years, multiple models were proposed to face this open-challenge. This work provides a survey of the most relevant attempts/works. In details, it offers an overview of the architectures present in literature focusing on three specific aspects of HRI: the development of adaptive behavioral models, the design of cognitive architectures, and the ability to establish empathy with the user. The research was conducted within two databases: Scopus and Web of Science. Accurate exclusion criteria were applied to screen the 4916 articles found. At the end, 56 articles were selected. For each work, an evaluation of the model is made. Pros and cons of each work are detailed by analyzing the aspects that can be improved to establish an enjoyable interaction between robots and users. View Full-Text
Keywords: social robots; behavioral models; assistive robotics; cognitive architectures; empathy; human-robot interaction social robots; behavioral models; assistive robotics; cognitive architectures; empathy; human-robot interaction
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Nocentini, O.; Fiorini, L.; Acerbi, G.; Sorrentino, A.; Mancioppi, G.; Cavallo, F. A Survey of Behavioral Models for Social Robots. Robotics 2019, 8, 54.

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