Next Article in Journal
Exosome microRNAs in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Pilot Study
Previous Article in Journal
Isotopically Dimethyl Labeling-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of Phosphoproteomes of Soybean Cultivars
 
 
Review

Biomedical Applications of Biomolecules Isolated from Methanotrophic Bacteria in Wastewater Treatment Systems

1
Department of Chemistry, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
2
Department of Civil Engineering, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
3
The Centre for Research on Biomolecular Interactions, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Naglis Malys
Biomolecules 2021, 11(8), 1217; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11081217
Received: 16 June 2021 / Revised: 5 August 2021 / Accepted: 11 August 2021 / Published: 16 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Natural and Bio-inspired Molecules)
Wastewater treatment plants and other remediation facilities serve important roles, both in public health, but also as dynamic research platforms for acquiring useful resources and biomolecules for various applications. An example of this is methanotrophic bacteria within anaerobic digestion processes in wastewater treatment plants. These bacteria are an important microbial source of many products including ectoine, polyhydroxyalkanoates, and methanobactins, which are invaluable to the fields of biotechnology and biomedicine. Here we provide an overview of the methanotrophs’ unique metabolism and the biochemical pathways involved in biomolecule formation. We also discuss the potential biomedical applications of these biomolecules through creation of beneficial biocompatible products including vaccines, prosthetics, electronic devices, drug carriers, and heart stents. We highlight the links between molecular biology, public health, and environmental science in the advancement of biomedical research and industrial applications using methanotrophic bacteria in wastewater treatment systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: methanotrophs; methanobactin; ectoine; biogas; S-layer; polyhydroxyalkonate (PHA); polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB); methane monooxygenase (MMO); exopolysaccharide (EPS); single cell protein (SCP); wastewater treatment; biomedical applications methanotrophs; methanobactin; ectoine; biogas; S-layer; polyhydroxyalkonate (PHA); polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB); methane monooxygenase (MMO); exopolysaccharide (EPS); single cell protein (SCP); wastewater treatment; biomedical applications
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Salem, R.; ElDyasti, A.; Audette, G.F. Biomedical Applications of Biomolecules Isolated from Methanotrophic Bacteria in Wastewater Treatment Systems. Biomolecules 2021, 11, 1217. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11081217

AMA Style

Salem R, ElDyasti A, Audette GF. Biomedical Applications of Biomolecules Isolated from Methanotrophic Bacteria in Wastewater Treatment Systems. Biomolecules. 2021; 11(8):1217. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11081217

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salem, Rana, Ahmed ElDyasti, and Gerald F. Audette. 2021. "Biomedical Applications of Biomolecules Isolated from Methanotrophic Bacteria in Wastewater Treatment Systems" Biomolecules 11, no. 8: 1217. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11081217

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop