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Article

A Radiation-Crosslinked Gelatin Hydrogel That Promotes Tissue Incorporation of an Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene Vascular Graft in Rats

1
Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
2
Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Quantum Beam Science Research Directorate, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), Gunma, 1233, Takasaki 370-1292, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pietro Matricardi
Biomolecules 2021, 11(8), 1105; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11081105
Received: 5 July 2021 / Revised: 23 July 2021 / Accepted: 26 July 2021 / Published: 27 July 2021
A prosthetic vascular graft that induces perigraft tissue incorporation may effectively prevent serious sequelae such as seroma formation and infection. Radiation-crosslinked gelatin hydrogel (RXgel) mimics the chemical and physical properties of the in vivo extracellular matrix and may facilitate wound healing by promoting tissue organization. Fibroblasts cultured on RXgel actively migrated into the gel for up to 7 days. RXgels of three different degrees of hardness (Rx[10], soft; Rx[15], middle; Rx[20], hard) were prepared, and small disc-like samples of RXgels were implanted into rats. In vitro and in vivo results indicated that Rx[10] was too soft to coat vascular grafts. Thus, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) vascular grafts coated with RXgel were developed using Rx[15] and Rx[20] gels, and ring-shaped slices of the graft were implanted into rats. Alpha-smooth muscle actin (αSMA) and type III collagen (Col-III) levels were detected by immunohistochemistry. Immunohistochemical staining for αSMA and Col-III demonstrated that RXgel-coated vascular grafts induced more granulation tissue than non-coated grafts on days 14 and 28 after implantation. RXgel-coated ePTFE vascular grafts may provide a solution for patients by reducing poor perigraft tissue incorporation. View Full-Text
Keywords: expanded polytetrafluoroethylene; vascular graft; perigraft tissue incorporation; gelatin hydrogel; radiation-crosslinking expanded polytetrafluoroethylene; vascular graft; perigraft tissue incorporation; gelatin hydrogel; radiation-crosslinking
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MDPI and ACS Style

Matsuura, S.; Takayama, T.; Oyama, T.G.; Oyama, K.; Taguchi, M.; Endo, T.; Akai, T.; Isaji, T.; Hoshina, K. A Radiation-Crosslinked Gelatin Hydrogel That Promotes Tissue Incorporation of an Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene Vascular Graft in Rats. Biomolecules 2021, 11, 1105. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11081105

AMA Style

Matsuura S, Takayama T, Oyama TG, Oyama K, Taguchi M, Endo T, Akai T, Isaji T, Hoshina K. A Radiation-Crosslinked Gelatin Hydrogel That Promotes Tissue Incorporation of an Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene Vascular Graft in Rats. Biomolecules. 2021; 11(8):1105. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11081105

Chicago/Turabian Style

Matsuura, Sohei, Toshio Takayama, Tomoko G. Oyama, Kotaro Oyama, Mitsumasa Taguchi, Takashi Endo, Takafumi Akai, Toshihiko Isaji, and Katsuyuki Hoshina. 2021. "A Radiation-Crosslinked Gelatin Hydrogel That Promotes Tissue Incorporation of an Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene Vascular Graft in Rats" Biomolecules 11, no. 8: 1105. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11081105

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