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The Regulation of Fat Metabolism during Aerobic Exercise

Department of Biological and Environmental Science and Technologies (Di.S.Te.B.A.), University of Salento, 73100 Lecce, Italy
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Biomolecules 2020, 10(12), 1699; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10121699
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 9 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 December 2020 / Published: 21 December 2020
Since the lipid profile is altered by physical activity, the study of lipid metabolism is a remarkable element in understanding if and how physical activity affects the health of both professional athletes and sedentary subjects. Although not fully defined, it has become clear that resistance exercise uses fat as an energy source. The fatty acid oxidation rate is the result of the following processes: (a) triglycerides lipolysis, most abundant in fat adipocytes and intramuscular triacylglycerol (IMTG) stores, (b) fatty acid transport from blood plasma to muscle sarcoplasm, (c) availability and hydrolysis rate of intramuscular triglycerides, and (d) transport of fatty acids through the mitochondrial membrane. In this review, we report some studies concerning the relationship between exercise and the aforementioned processes also in light of hormonal controls and molecular regulations within fat and skeletal muscle cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: lipid metabolism; endurance exercise; plasma fatty acids; lipoprotein; high-density lipoprotein (HDL); low-density lipoprotein (LDL) lipid metabolism; endurance exercise; plasma fatty acids; lipoprotein; high-density lipoprotein (HDL); low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Muscella, A.; Stefàno, E.; Lunetti, P.; Capobianco, L.; Marsigliante, S. The Regulation of Fat Metabolism during Aerobic Exercise. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 1699. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10121699

AMA Style

Muscella A, Stefàno E, Lunetti P, Capobianco L, Marsigliante S. The Regulation of Fat Metabolism during Aerobic Exercise. Biomolecules. 2020; 10(12):1699. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10121699

Chicago/Turabian Style

Muscella, Antonella, Erika Stefàno, Paola Lunetti, Loredana Capobianco, and Santo Marsigliante. 2020. "The Regulation of Fat Metabolism during Aerobic Exercise" Biomolecules 10, no. 12: 1699. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10121699

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