Proton Charge Radius from Electron Scattering
Department of Physics, University of Basel, Basel CH4056, Switzerland
Atoms 2018, 6(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/atoms6010002
Received: 21 November 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 20 December 2017 / Published: 30 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Precision Measurements of Fundamental Constants)
The rms-radius R of the proton charge distribution is a fundamental quantity needed for precision physics. This radius, traditionally determined from elastic electron-proton scattering via the slope of the Sachs form factor►▼ Show Figures
extrapolated to momentum transfer , shows a large scatter. We discuss the approaches used to analyze the e-p data, partly redo these analyses in order to identify the sources of the discrepancies and explore alternative parameterizations. The problem lies in the model dependence of the parameterized needed for the extrapolation. This shape of < is closely related to the shape of the charge density at large radii r, a quantity that is ignored in most analyses. When using our physics knowledge about this large-r density together with the information contained in the high-q data, the model dependence of the extrapolation is reduced, and different parameterizations of the pre-2010 data yield a consistent value for fm. This value disagrees with the more precise value fm determined from the Lamb shift in muonic hydrogen.
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MDPI and ACS Style
Sick, I. Proton Charge Radius from Electron Scattering. Atoms 2018, 6, 2.
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Sick I. Proton Charge Radius from Electron Scattering. Atoms. 2018; 6(1):2.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sick, Ingo. 2018. "Proton Charge Radius from Electron Scattering." Atoms 6, no. 1: 2.
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