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Open AccessArticle

Muon Radiography of Ancient Mines: The San Silvestro Archaeo-Mining Park (Campiglia Marittima, Tuscany)

1
Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Firenze, Via G. Sansone 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
2
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Firenze, Via B. Rossi 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Firenze), Italy
3
Parchi Val di Corchia S.p.A., via Lerario 90, 57025 Piombino, Italy
4
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Firenze, Via G. La Pira 4, 50121 Firenze, Italy
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Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Cinthia 21, 80126 Napoli, Italy
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Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Napoli, Via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli, Italy
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CNR-Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, Via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is based on the talk at the 7th International Conference on New Frontiers in Physics (ICNFP 2018), Crete, Greece, 4–12 July 2018.
Universe 2019, 5(1), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/universe5010034
Received: 22 November 2018 / Revised: 14 January 2019 / Accepted: 14 January 2019 / Published: 17 January 2019
Muon absorption radiography is an imaging technique based on the measurement of the absorption of cosmic ray muons. This technique has recently been used successfully to investigate the presence of unknown cavities in the Bourbon Gallery in Naples and in the Chephren Pyramid at Cairo. The MIMA detector (Muon Imaging for Mining and Archaeology) is a prototype muon tracker for muon radiography for application in the fields of archaelogy and mining. It is made of three pairs of X-Y planes each consisting of 21 scintillator bars with a silicon photomultiplier readout. The detector is compact, robust, easily transportable, and has a low power consumption: all of which makes the detector ideal for measurements in confined and isolated environments. With this detector, a measurement from inside the Temperino mine in the San Silvestro archaeo-mining park in Tuscany was performed. The park includes about 25 km of mining tunnels arranged on several levels that have been exploited from the Etruscan time. The measured muon absorption was compared to the simulated one, obtained from the information provided by 3D laser scanner measurements and cartographic maps of the mountain above the mine, in order to obtain information about the average density of the rock. This allowed one to confirm the presence of a partially accessible exploitation opening and provided some hints regarding the presence of a high-density body within the rock. View Full-Text
Keywords: muon radiography; cosmic rays; tracking detectors; imaging; geophysical prospection; mining muon radiography; cosmic rays; tracking detectors; imaging; geophysical prospection; mining
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MDPI and ACS Style

Baccani, G.; Bonechi, L.; Bongi, M.; Brocchini, D.; Casagli, N.; Ciaranfi, R.; Cimmino, L.; Ciulli, V.; D’Alessandro, R.; Del Ventisette, C.; Dini, A.; Gigli, G.; Gonzi, S.; Guideri, S.; Lombardi, L.; Melon, B.; Mori, N.; Nocentini, M.; Noli, P.; Saracino, G.; Viliani, L. Muon Radiography of Ancient Mines: The San Silvestro Archaeo-Mining Park (Campiglia Marittima, Tuscany). Universe 2019, 5, 34.

AMA Style

Baccani G, Bonechi L, Bongi M, Brocchini D, Casagli N, Ciaranfi R, Cimmino L, Ciulli V, D’Alessandro R, Del Ventisette C, Dini A, Gigli G, Gonzi S, Guideri S, Lombardi L, Melon B, Mori N, Nocentini M, Noli P, Saracino G, Viliani L. Muon Radiography of Ancient Mines: The San Silvestro Archaeo-Mining Park (Campiglia Marittima, Tuscany). Universe. 2019; 5(1):34.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baccani, Guglielmo; Bonechi, Lorenzo; Bongi, Massimo; Brocchini, Debora; Casagli, Nicola; Ciaranfi, Roberto; Cimmino, Luigi; Ciulli, Vitaliano; D’Alessandro, Raffaello; Del Ventisette, Chiara; Dini, Andrea; Gigli, Giovanni; Gonzi, Sandro; Guideri, Silvia; Lombardi, Luca; Melon, Barbara; Mori, Nicola; Nocentini, Massimiliano; Noli, Pasquale; Saracino, Giulio; Viliani, Lorenzo. 2019. "Muon Radiography of Ancient Mines: The San Silvestro Archaeo-Mining Park (Campiglia Marittima, Tuscany)" Universe 5, no. 1: 34.

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