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Hydrogen Sulfide Releasing 2-Mercaptoacrylic Acid-Based Derivative Possesses Cytoprotective Activity in a Small Intestine of Rats with Medication-Induced Enteropathy

1
Department of Biochemistry, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Lviv 79010, Ukraine
2
Department of Pharmaceutical, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry of Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Lviv 79010, Ukraine
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gernot A. Eller
Sci. Pharm. 2017, 85(4), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/scipharm85040035
Received: 10 August 2017 / Revised: 9 October 2017 / Accepted: 16 October 2017 / Published: 24 October 2017
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Abstract

Small intestinal injury is known to be one of the most commonly appearing pathologies, resulting in the use of medications such as: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antitumor drugs and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. The principal objective of this study is to evaluate the action of a novel mercaptoacrylic acid derivative able to release H2S on parameters of NO-synthase system and oxidative stress. Inducing enteropathy, three types of medications were used: indomethacin, an NSAID (35 mg/kg); methotrexate, an antitumor drug (10 mg/kg); and enalapril, an ACE inhibitor (2 mg/kg/day). 2-[(4-chlorophenyl-carbamoyl)-methyl]-3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-acrylic acid (2C3DHTA) was introduced based on the background of medication-induced enteropathy (10 mg/kg/day). The survey showed that malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and NO-synthases (NOS) were determined in the small intestinal mucosa. The increase in inducible NO-synthase (iNOS) activity was due to indomethacin and methotrexate administration. Constitutive NO-synthase (cNOS) activity was decreased by an ACE-inhibitor. The cytoprotective effect was demonstrated by 2C3DHTA, which returned iNOS activity to its control level and increased cNOS activity. The enterotoxic action of studied medication was accompanied by the development of oxidative stress manifested, activity of MPO was increased. MPO activity and manifestations of oxidative stress were decreased by 2C3DHTA. Effects of 2C3DHTA can be explained by the action of H2S, released from this compound in the gastrointestinal (GI) system. View Full-Text
Keywords: enteropathy; hydrogen sulfide; 2-mercaptoacrylic acids; small intestine enteropathy; hydrogen sulfide; 2-mercaptoacrylic acids; small intestine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sklyarova, Y.; Fomenko, I.; Lozynska, I.; Lozynskyi, A.; Lesyk, R.; Sklyarov, A. Hydrogen Sulfide Releasing 2-Mercaptoacrylic Acid-Based Derivative Possesses Cytoprotective Activity in a Small Intestine of Rats with Medication-Induced Enteropathy. Sci. Pharm. 2017, 85, 35.

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