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Open AccessArticle

Antimycobacterial Activities of N-Substituted-Glycinyl 1H-1,2,3-Triazolyl Oxazolidinones and Analytical Method Development and Validation for a Representative Compound

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 24923, Safat 13110, Kuwait
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Academic Editor: Gernot A. Eller
Sci. Pharm. 2017, 85(4), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/scipharm85040034
Received: 12 August 2017 / Revised: 21 September 2017 / Accepted: 21 September 2017 / Published: 2 October 2017
Twelve N-substituted-glycinyl triazolyl oxazolidinone derivatives were screened for antimycobacterial activity against susceptible (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) H37Rv) and resistant (isoniazid (INH)-resistant Mtb (SRI 1369), rifampin (RMP)-resistant Mtb (SRI 1367), and ofloxacin (OFX)-resistant Mtb (SRI 4000)) Mtb strains. Most of the compounds showed moderate to strong antimycobacterial activity against all strains tested, with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value ranges of 0.5–11.5, 0.056–11.6, 0.11–5.8, and 0.03–11.6 μM, and percent inhibition ranges of 41–79%, 51–72%, 50–75%, and 52–71% against Mtb H37Rv, INH-R, RMP-R, and OFX-R M. tuberculosis, respectively. The 3,5-dinitrobenzoyl and 5-nitrofuroyl derivatives demonstrated strong antimycobacterial activities with the N-(5-nitrofuroyl) derivatives (PH-145 and PH-189) being the most potent, with MIC value range of 0.3–0.6 μM against all strains tested. Compounds were not bactericidal, but showed intracellular (macrophage) antimycobacterial activity. A reliable validated analytical method was developed for a representative compound PH-189 using Waters Acquity ultra High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (UHPLC) system with quaternary Solvent Manager (H-Class). A simple extraction method indicated that PH-189 was stable in human plasma after 90 min at 37 °C with more than 90% successfully recovered. Moreover, stress stability studies were performed and degradants were identified by using UHPLC-ESI-QToF under acidic, basic, and oxidative simulated conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimycobacterial activity; linezolid; PH-189; substituted-glycinyl triazolyl-oxazolidinone; quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry; ultraHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography antimycobacterial activity; linezolid; PH-189; substituted-glycinyl triazolyl-oxazolidinone; quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry; ultraHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography
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Al-Tannak, N.F.; Phillips, O.A. Antimycobacterial Activities of N-Substituted-Glycinyl 1H-1,2,3-Triazolyl Oxazolidinones and Analytical Method Development and Validation for a Representative Compound. Sci. Pharm. 2017, 85, 34.

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