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Open AccessReview

A Review of the Composition of the Essential Oils and Biological Activities of Angelica Species

1
School of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea
2
Gangwon Perfume Alchemy Ltd., Co., Chuncheon 24341, Gangwon-do, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sci. Pharm. 2017, 85(3), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/scipharm85030033
Received: 1 September 2017 / Revised: 13 September 2017 / Accepted: 15 September 2017 / Published: 20 September 2017
A number of Angelica species have been used in traditional systems of medicine to treat many ailments. Especially, essential oils (EOs) from the Angelica species have been used for the treatment of various health problems, including malaria, gynecological diseases, fever, anemia, and arthritis. EOs are complex mixtures of low molecular weight compounds, especially terpenoids and their oxygenated compounds. These components deliver specific fragrance and biological properties to essential oils. In this review, we summarized the chemical composition and biological activities of EOs from different species of Angelica. For this purpose, a literature search was carried out to obtain information about the EOs of Angelica species and their bioactivities from electronic databases such as PubMed, Science Direct, Wiley, Springer, ACS, Google, and other journal publications. There has been a lot of variation in the EO composition among different Angelica species. EOs from Angelica species were reported for different kinds of biological activities, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, immunotoxic, and insecticidal activities. The present review is an attempt to consolidate the available data for different Angelica species on the basis of major constituents in the EOs and their biological activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: Angelica; bioactivity; essential oil; hydrodistillation; steam distillation Angelica; bioactivity; essential oil; hydrodistillation; steam distillation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sowndhararajan, K.; Deepa, P.; Kim, M.; Park, S.J.; Kim, S. A Review of the Composition of the Essential Oils and Biological Activities of Angelica Species. Sci. Pharm. 2017, 85, 33.

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