Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Related Urban Planning and Development Concepts: How Are They Perceived and Utilized in Australia?
2. Literature Background
2.1. Artificial Intelligence
- Expert system: Handles the situation under examination as an expert and yields the desired or expected performance.
- Heuristic problem solving: Consists of evaluating a small range of solutions and may involve some guesswork to find near-optimal solutions.
- Natural language processing: Enables communication between human and machine in natural language.
- Computer vision: Generates the ability to recognize shapes and features automatically.
2.2. Artificial Intelligence Technologies
- Augmented reality: Designers enhance parts of a user’s physical world with computer generated input that ranges from sound, video, and graphics to GPS overlay.
- Automation: Software that follows the instructions or workflows established by individuals for simple and repetitive tasks.
- Big data: Structured and unstructured data that are collected by an organization and can be mined for information extraction and used in machine learning projects, predictive modelling and other advanced analytical applications.
- Biometrics: This enables natural interactions between humans and machines through image, touch recognition, speech and body language.
- Block chain: This is a public electronic ledger that can openly share information with many disparate users to create an unalterable record of transactions.
- Deep learning platforms: These are machine learning systems that consist of artificial networks with multiple layers; deep learning is capable of recognizing and classifying patterns.
- Digital twins: These are digital representations that simulate a real-life object through the law of physics, material properties, virtualized sensors and causality.
- Machine learning platforms: These provide algorithms, application programming interfaces (APIs), development and training toolkits.
- Natural language generation: This produces text from computer data, and it is currently being used in customer service, report generation, and summarizing business intelligence insights.
- Robotics: This refers to the use of machines to perform tasks that are traditionally completed by humans.
- Virtual agents: These are advanced systems that can network with humans.
2.3. Artificial Intelligence Application Areas in Urban Planning and Development
3. Research Design
3.1. Case Study
4.1. General Observations
4.2. Community Sentiments
4.3. Artificial Intelligence Technologies
4.4. Artificial Intelligence Related Urban Planning and Development Concepts
4.5. Relationships between Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Urban Planning and Development Concepts
- Improve the digital infrastructure (for data transmission storage, analysis and acquisition) so that AI can safely and effectively be used across Australian cities.
- Develop AI for better towns, cities, and infrastructure, to improve the safety, efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and quality of the built environment.
- Improve design, planning, construction, operation, and maintenance of infrastructure and building with AI.
- Utilize AI to improve the efficiency and safety of transportation, electricity, and water services throughout the urban environment.
- Improve AI technology that reduces high construction costs and unplanned cost overruns as it is limiting the ability to improve cities and infrastructure.
- Data analytics: Real-time or historical data that can provide insights into an urban environment. A key example are intelligent traffic lights that use data analytics to coordinate and make time-based changes in the traffic lights.
- Machine learning: Computer vision techniques to collect and annotate datasets. The model can be applied to predict the roads that will undergo more ‘Wear and Tear’, allowing maintenance crews to focus their energy on repairing potholes, instead of looking for them.
- Deep learning: Complex algorithm that analyses large datasets to give planners a predictive insight into data. This provides urban planners with an insight into the nature of traffic, management of traffic flows, and the design of new public transportation.
Conflicts of Interest
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|Queensland (QLD)||Tasmania (TAS)||New South Wales (NSW)||South Australia (SA)||Australian Capital Territory (ACT)||Victoria (VIC)||Western Australia (WA)||Northern Territory (NT)||Australia|
|Date and Time||State||Tweet||Sentiment|
|12 August 2019 21:03||NSW||#drones are changing the meaning of “many hands make light work” for these farmers. The farm of the future will be a technology enabled farm. We should be happy with that.||Positive|
|23 July 2019 8:01||VIC||In other words, just move to a city or large town. People are losing their jobs daily. Robots and technology aren’t consumers of goods and services.||Negative|
|15 March 2019 9:42||QLD||Automation has much to offer #IoT #AutonomousVehicles #IoT #SmartCity #smartgrid #Healthcare, but also much to take away from us #Cyberecurity #jobloss #Disruption||Neutral|
|Robotics||Drones||Automation||Digital Twins||Block Chain||Machine Learning||Big Data||5G||Digital Networks||3D Printing||Digital Currency||AR||VR||Telephony||Chatbot|
|Technology||Data and Time||State||Tweet||Sentiment|
|Robotics||18/06/2020 2:14 p.m.||NSW||Boston Dynamics starts selling its Spot robot your own pet robot dog for $74,500 #Robotics #ArtificialIntelligence #robotpetdog #exciting||Positive|
|Drones||10/01/2020 7:22 p.m.||QLD||These drones plant thousands of trees ðŸŒ3 every day. Shooting the seeds into the ground. Huge opportunity for massive global tree planting!||Positive|
|Automation||18/12/2019 9:18 p.m.||VIC||As automation technology becomes more ingrained into the workplace, employee training becomes critical to direct employees’ time toward higher-value work. The results of this survey are fascinating|
|Digital twins||5/02/2020 1:38 p.m.||VIC||See my virtual replica. Experience the difference and the excitements #digitaltwin||Positive|
|Block chain||16/07/2019 8:35 p.m.||TAS||A place with abundant renewable generation such as wind, pumped hydro and cool climate would be perfect. #TAS and @HydroTasmania has all three, combined with a blockchain based electricity marketplace and we can use the exist #futuristic #sustainableworld||Positive|
|Machine learning||5/02/2020 11:03 a.m.||ACT||Really excited for this one—our contribution to the discussion on predicting performances based on training load. Plus, an extra section using machine learning to combine the data from multiple athletes to predict outcomes for one. All done using #rstats h||Positive|
|Network||22/01/2019 5:34 a.m.||SA||A Hacker-Proof Quantum Network Is Hiding In This City Tunnel. We all are at a big risk||Negative|
|Digital currency||9/01/2020 11:49 a.m.||NSW||The latest The Bitcoin Profits Daily! https://t.co/qTJJaBkGEo Thanks to @EllenDibble @linasantlinijos #cryptocurrency #cryptocurrency #enjoytheprofit||Positive|
|5G technology||9/12/2019 2:27 a.m.||TAS||What has #5G got to do with helping reduce road traffic accidents? #EmergingTech #AI #ML #IoT #SelfDrivingCars #SmartCities #SelfDriving #Driverless #AutonomousVehicles #SelfDrivingCars #autonomousdriving #Automotive #selfDrivingCar #4IR #safercities||Positive|
|Big data||2/04/2019 11:09 a.m.||WA||Training doctors while using #AugmentedReality via @futurism|#AR #VR #Healthcare #InternetofThings #IoT #SmartCity #SmartPhones #ArtificialIntelligence #AI #BigData #DataAnalytics #Data #Video||Positive|
|Augmented reality||17/01/2019 10:08 a.m.||WA||The AR market today is similar to where the IoT market was in 2010. AR’s capacity to visualize, instruct, and interact can transform the way we work with data #success #newtech||Positive|
|3D printing||17/01/2019 12:33 a.m.||WA||Did my first 3D printing? It’s amazing super-duper excited to share it with you||Positive|
|Virtual reality||29/03/2019 8:34 a.m.||SA||How exciting to see what is possible when AI meets virtual reality in the treatment of mental health conditions||Positive|
|Telephony||29/08/2019 5:12 p.m.||NT||Telephony technology has evolved rapidly keeping people distant emotionally and physically||Negative|
|Chatbots||19/06/2020 3:26 a.m.||NSW||How can I find screenshots or scripts from the CyberLover chatbot (the bot used to flirt with people in order to steal their data)? I would like to see some of the conversations it held. #wrongexamples||Negative|
|Concepts||Data and Time||State||Tweet||Sentiment|
|Sustainability||17/06/2020 5:26 a.m.||NSW||3Ai Director @feraldata and @anucecs Dean @profElanor join the world-first Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence. An exciting opportunity for Australia to contribute to global work on AI and to shape a safe, responsible and sustainable future.||Positive|
|Cybersecurity||18/06/2020 10:07 a.m.||NSW||Digital human rights issues such as data privacy, cybersecurity and social impacts of AI can pose risks to companies, and protection of digital human rights take on new considerations in the post-COVID-19 era, according to @Robeco https://t.co/9zvXiVIDdJ||Negative|
|Innovation||9/01/2020 10:29 p.m.||QLD||We are thrilled to be featured in an @AllianceQQ Mag Dec/Jan issue article focusing on new #technology impacting #mining. “The industry is now seeing a second wave of technological #innovation based on #digitisation and #IoT”||Positive|
|Construction||4/02/2020 2:17 p.m.||SA||I’m working on some amazing #hightech projects with the awesome team. #IOT #industrialiot #meshnetworks #smartmine #miningsolutions #miningtechnology #agriculture #agritech #agribusiness #construction #smartcity||Positive|
|Governance||29/10/2019 2:14 p.m.||ACT||How can governments earn trust in the next generation of AI; bot powered digital services? @piawaugh introduces our new fave term Citizen’s Ledger in this A+ read on trust infrastructure for the future of democratic government #fake&fraud||Negative|
|Transportation||29/05/2019 10:13 a.m.||One of my favorite PBLs that my Ts do is #smartreynoldsburg. Based on what Ss learn about our city’s past; the future of transportation; energy, Ss create a 3D model of what Reynoldsburg will look like in 50 years, complete with an autonomous car. #teachingland||Positive|
|Health||16/06/2020 5:56 p.m.||NSW||Big day today—I have now performed more than 300 transoral robotic surgeries on the da Vinci platform. Thank you to my surgical team and @SVHSydney for the cake! #TORS #HNC #HeadandNeckCancer #roboticsurgery @device_robotics https://t.co/KNhGvlYF4n||Positive|
|Communication||3/09/2019 11:50 a.m.||SA||We are excited to announce the new research initiative: Information, Communication the Data Society. ICDS is an interdisciplinary research initiative on the way AI and algorithms affect the role, impact and regulation of information||Positive|
|Digital transformation||1/04/2019 5:29 a.m.||NSW||What is the #InternetOfThings? Why is it so important?|
#IoT #DigitalTransformation #Automation #SmartCity #AutonomousVehicles #Driverless #SmartCars #SmartHome #CyberSecurity #SmartTech
|Mobility||31/03/2019 4:51 p.m.||SA||Should the AIUS SA focus on the Future of Mobility such as driverless shuttles and other autonomous vehicles? Let us know by completing our 5 min survey!||Neutral|
|Energy||20/08/2019 6:27 a.m.||WA||Australian @PowerLedger_io successfully trialled its blockchain platform’s use in P2P trading of renewable electricity in Japan||Positive|
|Infrastructure||16/04/2020 1:38 p.m.||QLD||#Virtual presence for physical one could have taken at least a generation #Coronivrus #Covid19 did it in months To #sustain it with #reliability #security & #capacity strong #Telecom infrastructure like #5G is important than ever #ICT #VR #AR #AI #Cloud #Data #IoT #CyberSecurity #safercities||Positive|
|Waste||17/06/2020 5:43 a.m.||NSW||As part of a new partnership with @Microsoft, we’re using artificial intelligence (AI) and other digital technologies to boost farming and tackle global challenges including illegal fishing and plastic waste||Positive|
|Economy||1/05/2020 2:08 a.m.||TAS||Excited to introduce the AI Economist: Extends ideas from Reinforcement Learning for tackling inequality through learned tax policy design. |
The framework optimizes productivity and equality.
|Environment||10/09/2019 6:57 p.m.||TAS||Going digital will save the environment. Go digital!!!||Positive|
|Tourism||25/06/2019 7:00 a.m.||QLD||Autonomous regions, have been well prepared for the peak #tourism season #easytravel #easyapps||Positive|
|Data and Time||State||Tweet||AI Technology||Urban Planning and Development Concept||Sentiment|
|14/11/2019 5:57 p.m.||VIC||Great to see @cserAdelaide Lending Library #sphero kit in action with classes designing and building a Sustainable City and then coding robots through the streets of the city.||Robotics||Sustainability||Positive|
|3/01/2019 7:26 a.m.||NSW||Building #Sustainable #transport platforms will provide a more efficient #smartcity and cheaper than autonomous and electric vehicles||Automation||Transportation||Positive|
|17/06/2019 10:36 a.m.||QLD||City Loses $500,000 to Phishing Attack #CyberSecurity #Databreach #Ransomware #Hackers #infosec @reach2ratan #AI #bots #malware #DDoS #Digitaltransformation #Fintech #Blockchain #Chatbots #Bigdata #datascience #Digital||Chatbot, Big data||Cybersecurity, Digital transformation||Negative|
|8/08/2019 11:35 a.m.||TAS||@[email protected] @CityByrne @homehillwines Drone video of @homehillwines landslide and @UTAS_ #UTAS_GSS student at work collecting 3D spatial data. Thanks @homehillwines for your fantastic hospitality!||Drone||Environment||Positive|
|5/08/2019 4:24 p.m.||NSW||Humanity must now accept that a digital economy implemented by global governance w/AI world systems for ppl and planet is the way forward from 2020 #bitcoins||Digital currency||Economy, Governance||Positive|
|29/03/2019 8:34 a.m.||SA||How exciting to see what is possible when AI meets virtual reality in the treatment of mental health conditions||VR||Health||Positive|
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Yigitcanlar, T.; Kankanamge, N.; Regona, M.; Ruiz Maldonado, A.; Rowan, B.; Ryu, A.; Desouza, K.C.; Corchado, J.M.; Mehmood, R.; Li, R.Y.M. Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Related Urban Planning and Development Concepts: How Are They Perceived and Utilized in Australia? J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2020, 6, 187. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6040187
Yigitcanlar T, Kankanamge N, Regona M, Ruiz Maldonado A, Rowan B, Ryu A, Desouza KC, Corchado JM, Mehmood R, Li RYM. Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Related Urban Planning and Development Concepts: How Are They Perceived and Utilized in Australia? Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity. 2020; 6(4):187. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6040187Chicago/Turabian Style
Yigitcanlar, Tan, Nayomi Kankanamge, Massimo Regona, Andres Ruiz Maldonado, Bridget Rowan, Alex Ryu, Kevin C. Desouza, Juan M. Corchado, Rashid Mehmood, and Rita Yi Man Li. 2020. "Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Related Urban Planning and Development Concepts: How Are They Perceived and Utilized in Australia?" Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity 6, no. 4: 187. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6040187