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Diseases 2018, 6(2), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases6020048

Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder in Pediatric Populations

1
Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55902, USA
2
Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55902, USA
3
Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55902, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 28 May 2018 / Accepted: 31 May 2018 / Published: 4 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Diseases)
Full-Text   |   PDF [246 KB, uploaded 4 June 2018]

Abstract

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a severe illness that afflicts about 16.6% of people over their lifetime. MDD is highly correlated with suicidality, and often first presents in adolescence. Unfortunately, many pediatric patients suffering from MDD go undiagnosed, and current evidence-based treatment options in the U.S. are limited to psychotherapy and two selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration. Molecular mechanisms have been shown to play a role in MDD pathogenesis, progression, and response to medication, yet few studies have explored the role of these pathways in pediatric MDD. In this review, we outline the gravity and importance of MDD in pediatric patients, some challenges in diagnosis and treatment, current treatments available for pediatric patients, and research to investigate differences between pediatric and adult MDD. We hope that this review will provide an outline of the current understanding and treatment of MDD in pediatric patients, and provide thoughtful insights for future work that could advance our understanding of MDD in pediatric populations, and also identify new therapeutic strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: major depressive disorder; pediatrics; treatment major depressive disorder; pediatrics; treatment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Neavin, D.R.; Joyce, J.; Swintak, C. Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder in Pediatric Populations. Diseases 2018, 6, 48.

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