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Open AccessReview

The Gluten-Free Diet in the 3rd Millennium: Rules, Risks and Opportunities

Section of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Academic Editor: Stefano Guandalini
Diseases 2015, 3(3), 136-149; https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases3030136
Received: 4 May 2015 / Revised: 18 June 2015 / Accepted: 19 June 2015 / Published: 13 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Celiac Disease)
The gluten-free diet has long been considered the standard treatment for celiac disease. However, a significant number of patients continue to experience persistent symptoms despite following a gluten-free diet. Inadvertent gluten ingestion, fermentable carbohydrates, cross-contamination, and social or financial burdens present obstacles to maintaining a gluten-free diet. Proper diet education and follow-up by an expert Registered Dietitian (RD) is essential to ensure adequate nutrition on the gluten-free diet. Patients may experience unintended weight gain or elevated cholesterol levels after initiating the gluten-free diet due to adequate absorption and healing of the intestines. This review deals with the evolving gluten-free diet, optimal recommendations while considering the overall health of patients, and multi-factorial aspects of the permanent lifestyle change. View Full-Text
Keywords: gluten-free; diet; celiac disease; nutrition; cross-contamination gluten-free; diet; celiac disease; nutrition; cross-contamination
MDPI and ACS Style

Welstead, L. The Gluten-Free Diet in the 3rd Millennium: Rules, Risks and Opportunities. Diseases 2015, 3, 136-149.

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