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Open AccessArticle

Sinusoidal Oscillators Operating at Frequencies Exceeding Unity-Gain Bandwidth of Operational Amplifiers

1
Department of Electronics, Robotics, Monitoring and IoT Technologies, National Aviation University, 03058 Kyiv, Ukraine
2
Projects and Maintenance Section, The Private Department of the President of the United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi 000372, UAE
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2020, 9(5), 845; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9050845
Received: 26 April 2020 / Revised: 13 May 2020 / Accepted: 17 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Filter Design Solutions for RF systems)
This paper proposes a novel operational amplifier (OPA) voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) circuits on the basis of impedance converters. The VCO can operate over a frequency range exceeding unity-gain bandwidth due to the location of the tank circuit, not at the output of the OPA, but at the noninverting input. The paper presents the mathematical modeling of oscillated amplitude and start-up conditions. The simulation results confirm the theoretical achievements. The designed and simulated VCO uses an ultra-low noise wideband OPA LMH6629MF, covers a frequency band between 0.830 GHz and 1.429 GHz, and exhibits a maximum in-band total harmonic distortion (THD) of 1.7%. It has a maximum in-band phase noise of −139.3 dBc/Hz at 100 kHz offset frequency and has an outstanding value of a standard figure of merit (FoM) of −198.6 dBc/Hz. The zero-peak amplitude of output voltage is from 3.2 V to 4 V for all generated frequencies at a supply voltage of ±5 V. The fabricated prototype-oscillator based on OPA LMH6624 operates at a frequency of 583.1 MHz with a power level of 0 dBm. View Full-Text
Keywords: operational amplifier; voltage-controlled oscillator; unity-gain bandwidth; varactor; total harmonic distortion; phase noise operational amplifier; voltage-controlled oscillator; unity-gain bandwidth; varactor; total harmonic distortion; phase noise
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Ulansky, V.; Raza, A. Sinusoidal Oscillators Operating at Frequencies Exceeding Unity-Gain Bandwidth of Operational Amplifiers. Electronics 2020, 9, 845.

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