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Open AccessArticle

Smart Handoff Technique for Internet of Vehicles Communication using Dynamic Edge-Backup Node

1
Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University Islamabad, Punjab 43600, Attock, Pakistan
2
Wolverhampton Cyber Research Institute, School of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Wolverhampton, Wulfruna Street, Wolverhampton WV1 1LY, UK
3
Community College of Qatar, C Ring Campus, C-Ring, Doha 7344, Qatar
4
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Peshawar P.O. Box 814, Pakistan
5
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M15 6BH, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Electronics 2020, 9(3), 524; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9030524
Received: 27 January 2020 / Revised: 14 March 2020 / Accepted: 16 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cooperative Communications for Future Wireless Systems)
A vehicular adhoc network (VANET) recently emerged in the the Internet of Vehicles (IoV); it involves the computational processing of moving vehicles. Nowadays, IoV has turned into an interesting field of research as vehicles can be equipped with processors, sensors, and communication devices. IoV gives rise to handoff, which involves changing the connection points during the online communication session. This presents a major challenge for which many standardized solutions are recommended. Although there are various proposed techniques and methods to support seamless handover procedure in IoV, there are still some open research issues, such as unavoidable packet loss rate and latency. On the other hand, the emerged concept of edge mobile computing has gained crucial attention by researchers that could help in reducing computational complexities and decreasing communication delay. Hence, this paper specifically studies the handoff challenges in cluster based handoff using new concept of dynamic edge-backup node. The outcomes are evaluated and contrasted with the network mobility method, our proposed technique, and other cluster-based technologies. The results show that coherence in communication during the handoff method can be upgraded, enhanced, and improved utilizing the proposed technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: Edge computing; cluster; handoff; mobility; traffic; vehicular Edge computing; cluster; handoff; mobility; traffic; vehicular
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Awan, K.M.; Nadeem, M.; Sadiq, A.S.; Alghushami, A.; Khan, I.; Rabie, K. Smart Handoff Technique for Internet of Vehicles Communication using Dynamic Edge-Backup Node. Electronics 2020, 9, 524.

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