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Open AccessArticle

Biological Viral Infection Watermarking Architecture of MPEG/H.264/AVC/HEVC

1
Department of Land, Water and Environment Research, KICT, Daehwa-dong, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang-si 10223, Korea
2
Department of Information Security, Tongmyong University, Yongdang-dong, Nam-gu, Busan 48520, Korea
3
Institute of Image and Cultural Contents, Dongguk University, Seoul 04620, Korea
4
Department of IT Convergence and Application Engineering, Pukyong National University, Nam-gu, Busan 608737, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(8), 889; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8080889
Received: 9 July 2019 / Revised: 1 August 2019 / Accepted: 8 August 2019 / Published: 13 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Computer Science & Engineering)
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Abstract

This paper addresses the viral infectious watermarking (VIW) model using biological virus infection for a new-paradigm of video copyright protection of MPEG/H.264/AVC/HEVC. Our model aims to spread or infect the watermark to different codecs each time video contents are copied, edited, or transcoded. Thus, we regard the watermark as the infectious virus, the video content as the host, and the video codec as the contagion medium and then model pathogen, mutant, and contagion as the infectious watermark. Then, we define the techniques of viral infectious watermark generation, kernel-based VIW, and content-based VIW. Furthermore, we present a reversible VIW for fast infection in VIW model. This makes the video quality and strength be adaptively controlled in the infectious process. Experiment results verified that our VIW model can detect or recover the reversible watermark without loss in different codecs and also can maintain the quality of video content that is recovered to the same bit rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: viral infectious watermarking; video copyright protection; biological virus modeling; kernel-based watermarking; content-based watermarking viral infectious watermarking; video copyright protection; biological virus modeling; kernel-based watermarking; content-based watermarking
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jang, B.-J.; Lee, S.-H.; Lee, Y.-S.; Kwon, K.-R. Biological Viral Infection Watermarking Architecture of MPEG/H.264/AVC/HEVC. Electronics 2019, 8, 889.

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