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Fast Telemetry and Communication Scheme Based on Doppler Diversity Reception under Large Dynamic Doppler for Hypersonic Vehicles

1,2, 3,*, 1,2 and 1,2
Key Laboratory of Equipment Efficiency in Extreme Environment, Ministry of Education, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
School of Aerospace Science and Technology, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
School of Information, Xi’an University of Finance and Economics, Xi’an 710100, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(7), 781;
Received: 13 June 2019 / Revised: 6 July 2019 / Accepted: 8 July 2019 / Published: 12 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Microwave and Wireless Communications)
PDF [1665 KB, uploaded 15 July 2019]


Large dynamic Doppler caused by high-speed flight of hypersonic vehicles brings a great challenge to acquisition, tracking and correct demodulation of telemetry and communication signals. Different from receiving schemes of existing telemetry and communications, a novel communication method based on Doppler diversity reception for hypersonic vehicles was proposed in this study. Firstly, the proposed method offers a coarse acquisition of Doppler frequency offset and its rate-of-change by fast-coarse acquisition method, and then decreases the large Doppler frequency offset into a certain range through compensation. Finally, signals with residual Doppler frequency offset are processed directly by Doppler diversity reception method without a complicated tracing method. Different from the traditional receiving scheme with acquisition and tracking module, the proposed scheme lowers requirements on acquisition accuracy and neglects the accurate tracking module, thus shortening telemetry and communication time significantly for hypersonic vehicles. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method can achieve satisfactory performance when the residual Doppler is no higher than 1 kHz with normalized Doppler frequency offset and when the normalized artificial frequency shift is 0.01 and 0.4 respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: large dynamic Doppler; Doppler diversity; coarse acquisition; telemetry large dynamic Doppler; Doppler diversity; coarse acquisition; telemetry

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Shi, L.; Zhao, L.; Zhang, C.; Yao, B. Fast Telemetry and Communication Scheme Based on Doppler Diversity Reception under Large Dynamic Doppler for Hypersonic Vehicles. Electronics 2019, 8, 781.

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