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Open AccessArticle

A Terminal-Oriented Distributed Traffic Flow Splitting Strategy for Multi-Service of V2X Networks

1
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Broadband Wireless Communication and Internet of Things, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003, China
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Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Wireless Communications, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003, China
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Key Laboratory of Broadband Wireless Communication and Sensor Network Technology, Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(6), 644; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8060644
Received: 16 April 2019 / Revised: 28 May 2019 / Accepted: 31 May 2019 / Published: 6 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Communications in Smart City)
With the development and the characteristics of terminal services of the 5G (5th-Generation network) Internet of Vehicles (IoVs), this paper proposes a distributed splitting strategy for multi-type services of 5G V2X (Vehicle to X) networks. Based on a service-oriented adaptive splitting strategy in heterogeneous networks, combined with various service types such as communications between the networks, terminal, and base stations, and the value-added services of 5G IoVs, the proposed strategy jointly considers delay and cost as optimization goals. By analyzing the characteristics of the different services, the proposed traffic flow splitting strategy is modeled as an optimization problem to efficiently split services in 5G V2X networks. The simulation results show that by setting the traffic distribution policy for each service, the distributed traffic flow splitting strategy can significantly improve network transmission efficiency and reduce the service costs in a vehicle V2X network. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Vehicle; V2X network; traffic flow splitting strategy; distributed load sharing Internet of Vehicle; V2X network; traffic flow splitting strategy; distributed load sharing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ding, F.; Ma, Z.; Li, Z.; Su, R.; Zhang, D.; Zhu, H. A Terminal-Oriented Distributed Traffic Flow Splitting Strategy for Multi-Service of V2X Networks. Electronics 2019, 8, 644.

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