Machine learning algorithms have been widely used to deal with a variety of practical problems such as computer vision and speech processing. But the performance of machine learning algorithms is primarily affected by their hyper-parameters, as without good hyper-parameter values the performance of these algorithms will be very poor. Unfortunately, for complex machine learning models like deep neural networks, it is very difficult to determine their hyper-parameters. Therefore, it is of great significance to develop an efficient algorithm for hyper-parameter automatic optimization. In this paper, a novel hyper-parameter optimization methodology is presented to combine the advantages of a Genetic Algorithm and Tabu Search to achieve the efficient search for hyper-parameters of learning algorithms. This method is defined as the Tabu_Genetic Algorithm. In order to verify the performance of the proposed algorithm, two sets of contrast experiments are conducted. The Tabu_Genetic Algorithm and other four methods are simultaneously used to search for good values of hyper-parameters of deep convolutional neural networks. Experimental results show that, compared to Random Search and Bayesian optimization methods, the proposed Tabu_Genetic Algorithm finds a better model in less time. Whether in a low-dimensional or high-dimensional space, the Tabu_Genetic Algorithm has better search capabilities as an effective method for finding the hyper-parameters of learning algorithms. The presented method in this paper provides a new solution for solving the hyper-parameters optimization problem of complex machine learning models, which will provide machine learning algorithms with better performance when solving practical problems.
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