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Radiation Properties of Conformal Antennas: The Elliptical Source

Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Università della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, via Roma 29, 81031 Aversa, Italy
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Electronics 2019, 8(5), 531; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8050531
Received: 8 April 2019 / Revised: 2 May 2019 / Accepted: 9 May 2019 / Published: 11 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microwave Imaging and Its Application)
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Abstract

The solution of inverse source problems by numerical procedures requires the investigation of the number of independent pieces of information that can be reconstructed stably. To this end, the mathematical properties of the relevant operators are to be examined in connection with the source shape. The aim of this work is to investigate the effect of the source shape on the eigendecomposition of the radiation operator in a 2D geometry, when the radiated field is observed over a semi-circumference in the far zone. We examine both the behavior of the eigenvalues and the effect of the choice of the representation variables on the point spread function (PSF). In particular, the effect of the choice of the representation variables is considered since operator properties may depend on it. We analyze different source shapes evolving from a line to a semi-ellipse and, finally, to a semi-circumference, in order to understand how the increase of the source aspect ratio affects the results. The main conclusions concern an estimate of the number of degrees of freedom in connection with the source geometry and the fact that the PSF exhibits the same variant behavior along the considered domain, independently of the observation variable. The practical relevance of the result is illustrated by two numerical examples. The first one deals with the conformal array diagnostics for the reliable reconstruction of the excitation of the array elements. The second one concerns the array synthesis problem, and a comparison between the radiating performances of the source geometries is presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: inverse source problem; conformal sources; radiation operator eigendecomposition; degrees of freedom; point spread function; antenna array diagnostics; antenna pattern synthesis inverse source problem; conformal sources; radiation operator eigendecomposition; degrees of freedom; point spread function; antenna array diagnostics; antenna pattern synthesis
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Leone, G.; Munno, F.; Pierri, R. Radiation Properties of Conformal Antennas: The Elliptical Source. Electronics 2019, 8, 531.

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