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Theoretical Analysis of a Novel Microstructure Fiber Sensor Based on Lossy Mode Resonance

College of Information Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
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Electronics 2019, 8(5), 484; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8050484
Received: 2 April 2019 / Revised: 27 April 2019 / Accepted: 28 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Semiconductors and Quantum)
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Abstract

In this paper, we proposed a novel D-shaped microstructure fiber sensor based on lossy mode resonance (LMR). TiO2/HfO2 bilayer film is coated on the exposed-core portion of photonic crystal fiber (PCF) as a sensing channel. The asymmetrical LMR region generates strong birefringence, which leads to the separation of X polarization and Y polarization. This structure excites a stronger evanescent field than the conventional D-shaped fiber, thereby greatly improving the sensor sensitivity. Additionally, the metallic oxide bilayer can further enhance the sensor’s performance. We numerically investigated the influence of the number of air holes removed in PCF on the sensor performance and the proportion of TiO2 to HfO2 in theory for the first time. The results show that an ultra-high sensitivity of 140,000 nm/RIU is obtained, which is an order of magnitude higher than that of surface plasmon resonance sensors with a similar waveguide structure and LMR sensor coated film. This achievement means that LMR-based sensing systems are more sensitive than many sensors in real-time and distributed measurements, which will play an extremely important guiding role in the structural design of microstructure fiber sensors in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: fiber sensor; microstructure fiber; lossy mode resonance; metallic oxide film fiber sensor; microstructure fiber; lossy mode resonance; metallic oxide film
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Wang, X.-Z.; Wang, Q. Theoretical Analysis of a Novel Microstructure Fiber Sensor Based on Lossy Mode Resonance. Electronics 2019, 8, 484.

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