Arc-array synthetic aperture radar (AA-SAR) has become a novel imaging scheme for full azimuth observation. However, the exiting arc-array monostatic SAR system is placed on a single platform and is easy to detect. Arc-array bistatic SAR (AA-BiSAR) with a stationary transmitter is proposed in this paper, which can obtain high data acquisition efficiency and reduce vulnerability of arc-array monostatic SAR. Furthermore, since the azimuth resolution with full azimuth observation is not related to the location of the stationary transmitter, the transmitter can be placed far away from the receiver. Compared with imaging algorithms for other modes, the key points of AA-BiSAR imaging algorithms are a square root in the bistatic slant range equation and an arc synthetic array in azimuth. According to the imaging geometry of AA-BiSAR, a novel imaging approach for AA-BiSAR based on keystone transform (KT) is proposed, and the KT implements range-cell migration correction (RCMC) in conditions of trigonometric function under square root in the range history and arc synthetic array in azimuth via reformatting the AA-BiSAR raw data. Besides presenting the proposed imaging approach, a complete resolution analysis of AA-BiSAR is given. Results of numerical simulation experiments on point targets validate the proposed imaging approach.
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