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Cosmetics 2017, 4(4), 56; https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics4040056

Optimized Culture Conditions for the Detection of Selected Strains of Bacillus in Eye Creams

1
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
2
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Office of Cosmetics and Colors, College Park, MD 20740, USA
3
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Office of Analytics and Outreach; College Park, MD 20740, USA
4
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Office of Regulatory Science, College Park, MD 20740, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 August 2017 / Revised: 20 November 2017 / Accepted: 11 December 2017 / Published: 16 December 2017
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Abstract

Although eye area cosmetics contain preservatives, contamination can still occur during or after manufacture or through use. Understanding the likelihood of bacterial survival in eye creams begins with sensitive and accurate methods for the detection of bacterial contamination; therefore, we investigated optimal culture conditions, including neutralizers, dilution broths, and selective media for the detection of Bacillus in eye cream. Samples of three different brands of eye creams were first mixed with Tween 80, Tween 20, or a blend of Tween 60 and Span 80, then neutralized and non-neutralized samples were individually inoculated with B. cereus strains, B. mycoides, a mislabeled B. megaterium, B. subtilis or B. thuringiensis at a final concentration of 5 log CFU/g. The inoculated samples, with and without neutralizers, were spiral-plated and incubated at 30 °C for 24 h to 48 h. Presumptive colonies of Bacillus were enumerated on U. S. Food and Drug Administration Bacteriological Analytical Manual (FDA-BAM) referenced agars Bacillus cereus rapid agar (BACARA) and mannitol-egg yolk-polymixin agar (MYP). Our results show significant differences among the neutralizers, plates, and products. The combination of Tryptone- Azolectin-Tween and Tween 80 (TAT and T80) produced higher levels of Bacillus, estimated at 4.18 log CFU/g compared to growth on Modified letheen broth and Tween 80, which produced 3.97 log CFU/g (P < 0.05). Colony counts of B. cereus cells on MYP agar were significantly higher, than those on BACARA agar, showing an average of 4.25 log CFU/g versus 3.84 log CFU/g, respectively (P < 0.05). The growth of the strain mislabeled B. megaterium ATCC 6458 on B. cereus selective agars BACARA and MYP agar led us to further investigations. We identified bi-pyramidal crystals among colonies of the strain, and subsequent PCR identified the cry 1 gene, indicating that strain was actually B. thuringiensis subps. kurstaki. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bacillus cereus; detection; eye cream Bacillus cereus; detection; eye cream
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Yossa, N.; Arce, G.; Smiley, J.; Huang, M.-C.J.; Yin, L.; Bell, R.; Tallent, S.; Brown, E.; Hammack, T. Optimized Culture Conditions for the Detection of Selected Strains of Bacillus in Eye Creams. Cosmetics 2017, 4, 56.

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