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Open AccessArticle

Land Resources Evaluation for Damage Compensation to Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic (Case-Study of Anabar Region in Yakutia)

1
Department of Project and Program Management, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Stremyannoy Pereulok, 36, Moscow 117997, Russia
2
Department of Agro Engineering, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Miklukho-Maklaya st., 6, Moscow 117198, Russia
3
Department of Soil Science, Geology and Landscaping, Russian State Agrarian University—Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Timiryazevskaya st., 49, Moscow 127550, Russia
4
Public administration department, Kuban State University, Stavropolskaya st., 149, Krasnodar 350040, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2019, 8(3), 143; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8030143
Received: 29 May 2019 / Revised: 26 July 2019 / Accepted: 2 August 2019 / Published: 10 August 2019
The compensation for losses caused to the indigenous peoples in Arctic Russia due to the industrial development of their traditional lands is an urgent question whose resolution requires development of new mechanisms and tools. The losses caused to indigenous traditional lands are part of the damage caused to the natural environment, their culture and livelihood. In the Russian Federation cultural impact assessment is a rather new tool aiming to protect indigenous peoples’ rights to lands. In this paper the authors show the applied side of the cultural assessment that is used to improve the methodology of the calculation of losses adopted by ministry of regional development in Russia in 2009. This methodology is based on the resource disposition and evaluation of traditional lands. Accordingly, compensation payments are calculated as the sum of the losses in traditional economic activities such as: reindeer herding, hunting, fishing and gathering. Such compensation is considered by authors as the elements of a benefit-sharing system. In practice, this methodology has been tested at industrial projects on alluvial diamonds in Yakutia. In this paper we look at the Polovinnya project case-study which deals with indigenous peoples of Dolgans and Evenks and argues that such a justified, understandable methodology both for indigenous peoples and subsoil user could reduce to a minimum the conflict of interests. View Full-Text
Keywords: indigenous peoples; benefit sharing; biological and economic reserves; resource assessment; land evaluation; compensation payments; Arctic; Yakutia indigenous peoples; benefit sharing; biological and economic reserves; resource assessment; land evaluation; compensation payments; Arctic; Yakutia
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Nosov, S.I.; Bondarev, B.E.; Gladkov, A.A.; Gassiy, V. Land Resources Evaluation for Damage Compensation to Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic (Case-Study of Anabar Region in Yakutia). Resources 2019, 8, 143.

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