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Investigating the Impacts of Energy Access Scenarios in the Nigerian Household Sector by 2030

Department of Energy & Environment, TERI School of Advanced Studies, 10 Institutional Area, Vasant kunj, New Delhi 110070, India
Economics and Marketing Academic Group, College of Business, Law and Governance, James Cook University, P.O. Box 6811, Cairns Qld 4870, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2019, 8(3), 127;
Received: 26 June 2019 / Revised: 13 July 2019 / Accepted: 15 July 2019 / Published: 18 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Natural Resource Economics and Policy)
Lack of access to modern forms of energy continues to hamper socio-economic development in Nigeria, and about 94% and 39% of the Nigerian population do not have access to clean cooking equipment and electricity, respectively. The United Nations Sustainable Energy for All initiative and Sustainable Development Goal number seven seek to provide universal modern energy for all by 2030. However, the implications of these global goals on Nigeria’s energy system have not been well researched in the literature. In this study, we applied the Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning Systems model to analyse the impacts of different energy access scenarios by 2030 on household energy consumption, CO2 emissions and local air pollutant emissions. We also analysed different scenarios for biomass renewability in order to understand its impact on household net CO2 emissions. We found that achieving a 100% modern energy access by 2030 would reduce final energy demand by around 845 PJ, which is equivalent to a 52.4% reduction when compared to the baseline scenario. A 100% modern access would also significantly reduce local air pollutants, but increase CO2 emissions significantly by 16.7 MtCO2 compared to the baseline scenario. Our analysis shows that the benefits of modern energy access have been limited in Nigeria due to poor financing and low income levels of households. Therefore, we argue that for a 100% modern energy access in Nigeria by 2030, there is a need to explore local and foreign funding sources, and a serious need to couple energy access programs in the country with income-generating activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy access; energy policy; household; LEAP; Nigeria; SDG 7 energy access; energy policy; household; LEAP; Nigeria; SDG 7
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Dioha, M.O.; Emodi, N.V. Investigating the Impacts of Energy Access Scenarios in the Nigerian Household Sector by 2030. Resources 2019, 8, 127.

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