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Resources 2019, 8(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8010015

Air Quality Planning and the Minimization of Negative Externalities

DIATI (Department of Engineering for Environment, Land and Infrastructures), Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Torino, Italy
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Received: 11 December 2018 / Revised: 4 January 2019 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 10 January 2019
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Abstract

The minimization of negative externalities is a key aspect in the development of a circular and sustainable economic model. At the local scale, especially in urban areas, externalities are generated by the adverse impacts of air pollution on human health. Local air quality policies and plans often lack of considerations and instruments for the quantification and evaluation of external health costs. Support for decision-makers is needed, in particular during the implementation stage of air quality plans. Modelling tools based on the impact pathway approach can provide such support. In this paper, the implementation of health impacts and externalities analysis in air quality planning is evaluated. The state of the art in European member states is reported, considering whether and how health effects have been included in the planning schemes. The air quality plan of the Piemonte region in Italy is then considered. A case study is analyzed to evaluate a plan action, i.e., the development of the district heating system in the city of Turin. The DIATI (Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Ambiente, del Territorio e delle Infrastrutture) Dispersion and Externalities Model (DIDEM model) is applied to detect the scenario with the highest external cost reduction. This methodology results are extensible and adaptable to other actions and measures, as well as other local policies in Europe. The use of health externalities should be encouraged and integrated into the present methodology supporting air quality planning. Efforts should be addressed to quantify and minimize the overall uncertainty of the process. View Full-Text
Keywords: air quality planning; externalities; air pollution modelling; environmental policy air quality planning; externalities; air pollution modelling; environmental policy
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Ravina, M.; Panepinto, D.; Zanetti, M. Air Quality Planning and the Minimization of Negative Externalities. Resources 2019, 8, 15.

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