Next Article in Journal
Women, Water Resource Management, and Sustainable Development: The Turkey-North Cyprus Water Pipeline Project
Next Article in Special Issue
Critical Natural Resources: Challenging the Current Discourse and Proposal for a Holistic Definition
Previous Article in Journal
Ecological Criteria for Comparing Linear and Circular Economies
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Resources 2018, 7(3), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7030049

Metals for Fuels? The Raw Material Shift by Energy-Efficient Transport Systems in Europe

Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie gGmbH, Döppersberg 19, 42103 Wuppertal, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 20 July 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 9 August 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [919 KB, uploaded 9 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

The long-term transition towards a low-carbon transport sector is a key strategy in Europe. This includes the replacement of fossil fuels, modal shifts towards public transport as well as higher energy efficiency in the transport sector overall. While these energy savings are likely to reduce the direct greenhouse gas emissions of transport, they also require the production of new and different vehicles. This study analyses in detail whether final energy savings in the transport sector also induce savings for material resources from nature if the production of future vehicles is considered. The results for 28 member states in 2030 indicate that energy efficiency in the transport sector leads to lower carbon emissions as well as resource use savings. However, energy-efficient transport sectors can have a significant impact on the demand for metals in Europe. An additional annual demand for 28.4 Mt of metal ores was calculated from the personal transport sector in 2030 alone. The additional metal ores from semiprecious metals (e.g., copper) amount to 12.0 Mt, from precious metals (e.g., gold) to 9.1 Mt and from other metals (e.g., lithium) to 11.7 Mt, with small savings for ferrous metal ores (−4.6 Mt). View Full-Text
Keywords: energy-efficient transport; greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; material resources energy-efficient transport; greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; material resources
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Teubler, J.; Kiefer, S.; Liedtke, C. Metals for Fuels? The Raw Material Shift by Energy-Efficient Transport Systems in Europe. Resources 2018, 7, 49.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Resources EISSN 2079-9276 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top