Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Assessment of Policy Integration of Sustainable Consumption and Production into National Policies
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Rules of Engagement: A Review of Regulatory Instruments Designed to Promote and Secure Local Content Requirements in the Oil and Gas Sector
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Resources 2017, 6(3), 47;

Is Sustainable Intensification Pro-Poor? Evidence from Small-Scale Farmers in Rural Tanzania

Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Königsworther Platz 1, 30167 Hannover, Germany
Institute of Environmental Policy and Resource Economics, Straubing Centre of Science, Petersgasse 18, 94315 Straubing, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 July 2017 / Revised: 16 August 2017 / Accepted: 11 September 2017 / Published: 15 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Development Goals)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1382 KB, uploaded 18 September 2017]   |  


The transition of farming systems to higher levels of productivity without overusing natural resources is of rising interest especially in African countries, where population growth has often been larger than past productivity increases. This paper aims to contribute to the debate on whether environmentally friendly agricultural practices are compatible with economic interests. In the context of small-scale farm households in Tanzania, the analysis focuses on Conservation Agriculture (CA) at different levels of agricultural output, as CA is a promising toolbox for sustainable intensification. The results are based on a household survey conducted in 2014 with 900 randomly selected small-scale farmers in rural Tanzania, i.e., in semi-arid Dodoma and in semi-humid Morogoro region. We find that mulching is most frequently applied, followed by crop rotation, fallowing, intercropping and tree planting. Logit regressions show that CA adoption is influenced by socio-economic factors, farm characteristics and the regional context. Quantile regressions explain different levels of agricultural output through variables related to the extent of using CA. They indicate that marginalized farmers have the strongest crop income effect from an increased use of mulching. With increasing levels of agricultural output, the use of mulching remains beneficial for farmers, but the effect appears less pronounced. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sustainable Intensification; Conservation Agriculture; Small-Scale Farming; Tanzania Sustainable Intensification; Conservation Agriculture; Small-Scale Farming; Tanzania

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Brüssow, K.; Faße, A.; Grote, U. Is Sustainable Intensification Pro-Poor? Evidence from Small-Scale Farmers in Rural Tanzania. Resources 2017, 6, 47.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Resources EISSN 2079-9276 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top