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Open AccessArticle

Resource Use of Wind Farms in the German North Sea—The Example of Alpha Ventus and Bard Offshore I

1
Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, Döppersberg 19, Wuppertal 42103, Germany
2
Trifolium—Beratungsgesellschaft mbH, Alte Bahnhofstraße 13, Friedberg 61169, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2013, 2(4), 504-516; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources2040504
Received: 3 July 2013 / Revised: 3 September 2013 / Accepted: 16 September 2013 / Published: 7 October 2013
The German government aims to obtain at least 40 percent of its electricity from renewable sources by 2030. One of the central steps to reach this target is the construction of deep sea offshore wind farms. The paper presents a material intensity analysis of the offshore wind farms “Alpha Ventus” and “Bard Offshore I” under consideration of the grid connection. An additional onshore scenario is considered for comparison. The results show that offshore wind farms have higher resource consumption than onshore farms. In general, and in respect to the resource use of other energy systems, both can be tagged as resource efficient. View Full-Text
Keywords: resource efficiency; resource use; material input per service (MIPS); wind energy; grid connection resource efficiency; resource use; material input per service (MIPS); wind energy; grid connection
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Wiesen, K.; Teubler, J.; Rohn, H. Resource Use of Wind Farms in the German North Sea—The Example of Alpha Ventus and Bard Offshore I. Resources 2013, 2, 504-516.

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