Next Article in Journal
Maturity Models for Systems Thinking
Previous Article in Journal
Resilience of Critical Infrastructure Elements and Its Main Factors
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Systems 2018, 6(2), 22;

Evolution of ERP Systems in the Cloud: A Study on System Updates

Xledger AS, Østensjøveien 32, 0667 Oslo, Norway
Westerdals-Oslo School of Arts, Communication and Technology, Christian Kohgs gate 32, 0186 Oslo, Norway
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 March 2018 / Revised: 24 May 2018 / Accepted: 28 May 2018 / Published: 4 June 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [789 KB, uploaded 18 June 2018]   |  


Cloud-based enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems emerged around the new millennium, and since then there has been a lack of research regarding the evolution and update processes of these systems. From the users’ perspective, updates in a traditional on-premise ERP system are carried at their own request; while cloud-based ERPs are compulsory updated. Through an established ERP lifecycle framework, this study investigates how the process of updates is conducted in a cloud ERP context, from both the users’ and vendors’ perspectives. A multiple case study was conducted in Norway at 10 client organizations, as well as a cloud ERP vendor. Our main findings suggest that the vendor and the users view the process of updates differently. The main challenges with the process of updates from the users’ perspective are the size and date of the updates, lack of information and communication during the process, and extinction of certain functionalities. Yet, the main advantages are that all system users will always have the same version of the system, users do not need to spend time on updating the system and paying attention to the ERP market, which leads to more focus on their core competences instead. View Full-Text
Keywords: cloud ERP; evolution; SaaS; ERP lifecycle; updates; Norway cloud ERP; evolution; SaaS; ERP lifecycle; updates; Norway

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bjelland, E.; Haddara, M. Evolution of ERP Systems in the Cloud: A Study on System Updates. Systems 2018, 6, 22.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Systems EISSN 2079-8954 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top