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Article

Structure and Superstructures in Complex Social Systems

1
Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
2
Institute of Education, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Systems 2017, 5(2), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems5020028
Received: 9 December 2016 / Revised: 13 March 2017 / Accepted: 23 March 2017 / Published: 26 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Complex Social Systems: Theory And Practice)
In classical sociology, there is a sharp separation between the superstructure reflecting cultural ideals and the concrete Structural Base (SB). The authors hypothesize a Doxical Superstructure (DS) in its own space at a higher level, containing concepts such as completeness, necessity and possibility associated with abstract concepts like beliefs, ethics, knowledge, relations and science. The DS or image (DS-image) is defined as the “explanation” (for the Subject-agent) of the Structural Base. A Mythical Superstructure (MS) is defined as a third superstructure. An analysis is carried out on the Structural Base. Concepts or denotative significances (d-significances) are defined for SB deontic relations. Alethic properties (existence, completeness, possibility and necessity) and deontic properties (permission, obligation and choice) of deontic relations are introduced, defined, and examined in relation to the Ideological Doxical Superstructure (IDS), including Meinong objects (thoughts, feelings and desires). View Full-Text
Keywords: alethic components; belief; connotation; denotation; deontical components; ideology; image; projection; significance alethic components; belief; connotation; denotation; deontical components; ideology; image; projection; significance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nescolarde-Selva, J.A.; Usó-Doménech, J.L.; Gash, H. Structure and Superstructures in Complex Social Systems. Systems 2017, 5, 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems5020028

AMA Style

Nescolarde-Selva JA, Usó-Doménech JL, Gash H. Structure and Superstructures in Complex Social Systems. Systems. 2017; 5(2):28. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems5020028

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nescolarde-Selva, Josué Antonio, José Luis Usó-Doménech, and Hugh Gash. 2017. "Structure and Superstructures in Complex Social Systems" Systems 5, no. 2: 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems5020028

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