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Open AccessArticle

Tribological Performance of PVD Film Systems Against Plastic Counterparts for Adhesion-Reducing Application in Injection Molds

Institute of Materials Engineering, TU Dortmund University, Leonhard-Euler-Str. 2, D-44227 Dortmund, Germany
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Coatings 2019, 9(9), 588; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9090588
Received: 2 September 2019 / Revised: 13 September 2019 / Accepted: 16 September 2019 / Published: 17 September 2019
The deposition of physical vapor deposition (PVD) hard films is a promising approach to enhance the tribological properties of injection molds in plastic processing. However, the adhesion is influenced by the pairing of PVD film and processed plastic. For this reason, the friction behavior of different PVD films against polyamide, polypropylene, and polystyrene was investigated in tribometer tests by correlating the relation between the roughness and the adhesion. It was shown that the dispersive and polar surface energy have an impact on the work of adhesion. In particular, Cr-based nitrides with a low polar component exhibit the lowest values ranging from 65.5 to 69.4 mN/m when paired with the polar polyamide. An increased roughness leads to a lower friction due to a reduction of the adhesive friction component, whereas a higher work of adhesion results in higher friction for polyamide and polypropylene. Within this context, most Cr-based nitrides exhibited coefficients of friction below 0.4. In contrast, polystyrene leads to a friction-reducing material transfer. Therefore, a customized deposition of the injection molds with an appropriated PVD film system should be carried out according to the processed plastic. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical vapor deposition; CrN; CrAlN; CrAlSiN; Al2O3; amorphous carbon; tribological properties; polyamide; polypropylene; polystyrene physical vapor deposition; CrN; CrAlN; CrAlSiN; Al2O3; amorphous carbon; tribological properties; polyamide; polypropylene; polystyrene
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Tillmann, W.; Lopes Dias, N.F.; Stangier, D.; Gelinski, N. Tribological Performance of PVD Film Systems Against Plastic Counterparts for Adhesion-Reducing Application in Injection Molds. Coatings 2019, 9, 588.

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