Next Article in Journal
Correlation of Impedance Matching and Optical Emission Spectroscopy during Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition of Nanocrystalline Silicon Thin Films
Previous Article in Journal
Superhydrophobic Coatings from Recyclable Materials for Protection in a Real Sea Environment
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Pre-Coated Fe–Ni Film to Promote Low-Pressure Carburizing of 14Cr14Co13Mo4 Steel

State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding and Joining, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
College of Physics, Mudanjiang Normal University, Mudanjiang 157011, China
School of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin 300222, China
AECC Harbin Bearing Co., Ltd., Harbin 150001, China
School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
School of Mechatronics Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2019, 9(5), 304;
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 27 April 2019 / Accepted: 30 April 2019 / Published: 6 May 2019
PDF [14767 KB, uploaded 6 May 2019]


Case-hardening 14Cr14Co13Mo4 martensitic stainless steel needs to be carburized to improve surface performance. Low-pressure carburization has the benefit of having oxidation-free production and being ecofriendly. However, compared with the low-pressure carburization of the low-alloy steel, low-pressure carburization of the 14Cr14Co13Mo4 steel consumes more time and has a risk of network carbides. In order to promote carbon diffusion and avoid network carbide, Fe–Ni films with various thickness were electrodeposited on the 14Cr14Co13Mo4 steel prior to low-pressure carburization. The experimental results show that, under the same carburizing conditions, the surface carbon content decreases and the carburized layer increases with the increase of Fe–Ni film thickness. After the hardening heat treatment, the effective case depth (ECD) of the sample coated with 6.0 μm Fe–Ni film was increased by 29% compared to that of the uncoated sample. The morphology of carbides was a strip-shaped, discontinuous network distribution in the uncoated sample, while in the Fe–Ni coated samples, the carbides changed to a globular, uniformly dispersed distribution. The effect of Fe–Ni film on the low-pressure carburizing of steel is explained by the simulation of the carbon diffusion using DICTRA software. The Fe–Ni films reduce the steel surface carbon content in each boost stage of low-pressure carburizing and release carbon atoms in every diffusion stage. Through this adjustment mechanism, the steel surface carbon content can be reduced and carburized layer growth can be promoted. View Full-Text
Keywords: stainless steel; low-pressure carburizing; Fe–Ni film; diffusion simulation stainless steel; low-pressure carburizing; Fe–Ni film; diffusion simulation

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, L.; Wang, T.; Ma, X.; Fu, Z.; Hao, G.; Li, L.; Wang, L. Pre-Coated Fe–Ni Film to Promote Low-Pressure Carburizing of 14Cr14Co13Mo4 Steel. Coatings 2019, 9, 304.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Coatings EISSN 2079-6412 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top