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Open AccessArticle

Selection of Optimum Binder for Silicon Powder Anode in Lithium-Ion Batteries Based on the Impact of Its Molecular Structure on Charge–Discharge Behavior

Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, 6-6-20 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579, Japan
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Coatings 2019, 9(11), 732; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9110732
Received: 22 September 2019 / Revised: 3 November 2019 / Accepted: 4 November 2019 / Published: 5 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Surface Characterization, Deposition and Modification)
The high-capacity and optimal cycle characteristics of the silicon powder anode render it essential in lithium-ion batteries. The authors attempted to obtain a composite material by coating individual silicon particles of µm-order diameter with conductive carbon additive and resin to serve as a binder of an anode in a lithium-ion battery and thus improve its charge–discharge characteristics. Structural strain and hardness due to stress on the binder resin were alleviated by the adhesion between silicon or copper foil as a collector and the binder resin, preventing the systematic deterioration of the anode composite matrix immersed in electrolyte compositions including Li salt and fluoride. Moreover, the binder resin itself was confirmed to play a role of active material with occlusion and release of Li-ion. Furthermore, charge–discharge characteristics of the silicon powder anode active material strongly depend on the type of binder resin used; therefore, the binder resin used as composite material in rechargeable batteries should be carefully selected. Some resins for binding silicon particles were investigated for their mechanical and electrochemical properties, and a carbonized polyimide obtained a good charge–discharge cyclic property in a lithium-ion battery.
Keywords: Si powder anode; binder resin; adhesion; electrochemical property; lithium-ion battery Si powder anode; binder resin; adhesion; electrochemical property; lithium-ion battery
MDPI and ACS Style

Shimoi, N.; Komatsu, M.; Tanaka, Y. Selection of Optimum Binder for Silicon Powder Anode in Lithium-Ion Batteries Based on the Impact of Its Molecular Structure on Charge–Discharge Behavior. Coatings 2019, 9, 732.

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