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Open AccessArticle

Vertical Guided Bone Augmentation Using Titanium Mesh Domes Coated with Natural Latex Extracted from Hevea brasiliensis

1
PRPPG, Universidade do Sagrado Coração–USC, Bauru-SP 17011-160, Brazil
2
Pós Graduação, Faculdade Especializada na Área da Saúde do Rio Grande do Sul–FASURGS, Passo Fundo-RS 99025-270, Brazil
3
Departamento de Anatomia e Implantodontia, Universidade de Marília–UNIMAR, Marilia-SP 17525-902, Brazil
4
PGMADRE, Universidade do Oeste Paulista–UNOESTE, Presidente Prudente-SP 19067-175, Brazil
5
FOB, Universidade de São Paulo–USP, Bauru-SP 17012-901, Brazil
6
FCT, Universidade Estadual Paulista–UNESP, Bauru-SP 17033-360, Brazil
7
Departamento de Física, Universidade de São Paulo–FFCLRP–USP, Riberão Preto-SP 14040-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2020, 10(6), 595; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10060595
Received: 25 May 2020 / Revised: 12 June 2020 / Accepted: 19 June 2020 / Published: 25 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Surfaces and Coatings for Bone Regeneration)
The subject of this work is the evaluation of the use of titanium mesh domes coated with latex extracted from Hevea brasiliensis to promote vertical guided bone augmentation (GBA), above the normal limits of the skeleton. Twenty-four New Zealand rabbits were used, in which a circular groove of eight millimeters in diameter and nine holes in the internal region reaching the medulla were made with a trephine drill, in the calvaria. The dome, four millimeters in height, was fixed above this defect. The animals were divided into four groups (N = 6). The first (control) received a titanium dome not covered by the periosteum, and the second received a titanium dome that was covered by the periosteum. For the third, a dome with a latex coating was used and was not covered by the periosteum, and for the fourth, a titanium dome with a latex coating was used and was covered by the periosteum. After 90 days, the animals were euthanized. Computerized tomography imaging demonstrated that vertical bone augmentation was achieved in the groups with titanium domes coated with latex. Microscopic evaluation showed that there were no differences between the control group and Group 2, or between Groups 3 and 4. The other comparisons showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.05, ANOVA-Tukey). View Full-Text
Keywords: bone augmentation; titanium; latex bone augmentation; titanium; latex
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pons, D.K.; Eleuterio, R.G.; Paiva, F.F.G.; Holgado, L.A.; Marques, L.; Consolaro, A.; Graeff, C.F.O.; Baffa, O.; Kinoshita, A. Vertical Guided Bone Augmentation Using Titanium Mesh Domes Coated with Natural Latex Extracted from Hevea brasiliensis. Coatings 2020, 10, 595.

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