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Open AccessArticle

Characterization of Thermochemical and Thermomechanical Properties of Eyjafjallajökull Volcanic Ash Glass

1
Materials Science and Engineering Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
2
Materials and Structures Division, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135, USA
3
Advanced Materials and Processing Branch, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2020, 10(2), 100; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10020100
Received: 23 December 2019 / Revised: 16 January 2020 / Accepted: 19 January 2020 / Published: 23 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Barrier Coatings)
: The properties of a volcanic ash glass obtained from the Eyjafjallajökull eruption of 2010 were studied. Crystallization experiments were carried out on bulk and powdered glass samples at temperatures between 900 and 1300 °C. Iron oxides, Fe3O4 and Fe2O3, and a silicate plagioclase, (Na,Ca)(Si,Al)4O8, were observed. Bulk samples remained mostly amorphous after up to 40 h at temperature. Powdered glass samples showed increased crystallinity after heat treatment compared to bulk samples. The average coefficient of thermal expansion of the glass was 7.00 × 10−6 K−1 over 25–720 °C. The Vickers hardness of the glass was 6–7 GPa and the indentation fracture toughness, 1–2 MPa √m Values for density, elastic modulus, and Poisson’s ratio were 2.52 g/cm3, 75 GPa, and 0.24, respectively. The viscosity of the glass was determined experimentally and compared to three common models from the literature. The implications for the deposition of volcanic ash on hot section components of aircraft turbine engines are discussed.
Keywords: CMAS; EBCs; TBCs; volcanic ash; crystallization; thermal expansion; hardness; indentation fracture toughness; viscosity CMAS; EBCs; TBCs; volcanic ash; crystallization; thermal expansion; hardness; indentation fracture toughness; viscosity
MDPI and ACS Style

Webster, R.I.; Bansal, N.P.; Salem, J.A.; Opila, E.J.; Wiesner, V.L. Characterization of Thermochemical and Thermomechanical Properties of Eyjafjallajökull Volcanic Ash Glass. Coatings 2020, 10, 100.

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