Next Article in Journal
Oxygen-Independent Antimicrobial Photoinactivation: Type III Photochemical Mechanism?
Previous Article in Journal
Ventilator-Associated Tracheobronchitis: To Treat or Not to Treat?
Open AccessReview

Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Animals: Influence of Livestock Environment on the Emergence and Dissemination of Antimicrobial Resistance

1
College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7K 4H3, Canada
2
Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antibiotics 2020, 9(2), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9020052
Received: 6 January 2020 / Revised: 26 January 2020 / Accepted: 27 January 2020 / Published: 31 January 2020
The emergence and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance among human, animal and zoonotic pathogens pose an enormous threat to human health worldwide. The use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine, and especially the use of large quantities of antibiotics in livestock for the purpose of growth promotion of food animals is believed to be contributing to the modern trend of the emergence and spread of bacteria with antibiotic resistant traits. To better control the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance several countries from Western Europe implemented a ban for antibiotic use in livestock, specifically the use of antibiotics for growth promotion of food animals. This review article summarizes the recent knowledge of molecular acquisition of antimicrobial resistance and the effects of implementation of antibiotic growth promoter bans on the spread of antimicrobial resistant bacteria in animals and humans. In this article, we also discuss the main zoonotic transmission routes of antimicrobial resistance and novel approaches designed to prevent or slow down the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance worldwide. Finally, we provide future perspectives associated with the control and management of the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistant bacteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance; livestock; growth promotions; selective pressure; emerging infectious diseases antimicrobial resistance; livestock; growth promotions; selective pressure; emerging infectious diseases
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vidovic, N.; Vidovic, S. Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Animals: Influence of Livestock Environment on the Emergence and Dissemination of Antimicrobial Resistance. Antibiotics 2020, 9, 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9020052

AMA Style

Vidovic N, Vidovic S. Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Animals: Influence of Livestock Environment on the Emergence and Dissemination of Antimicrobial Resistance. Antibiotics. 2020; 9(2):52. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9020052

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vidovic, Nikola; Vidovic, Sinisa. 2020. "Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Animals: Influence of Livestock Environment on the Emergence and Dissemination of Antimicrobial Resistance" Antibiotics 9, no. 2: 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9020052

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop