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Open AccessArticle

Knowledge of Antimicrobial Resistance among Veterinary Students and Their Personal Antibiotic Use Practices: A National Cross-Sectional Survey

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Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ilorin, Ilorin 240272, Kwara State, Nigeria
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Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike 440109, Abia State, Nigeria
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Public Health and Epidemiology Unit, Niger State Veterinary Hospital, Bosso, Minna 920211, Niger State, Nigeria
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Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin 240272, Kwara State, Nigeria
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Epidemiology Section, Department of Production Animal Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Onderstepoort Campus 0110, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0110, South Africa
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Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 200284, Oyo State, Nigeria
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Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Onderstepoort Campus 0110, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0110, South Africa
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Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases-Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (ECTAD-FAO), Dar es Salaam 14111, Tanzania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antibiotics 2019, 8(4), 243; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics8040243
Received: 30 September 2019 / Revised: 17 November 2019 / Accepted: 20 November 2019 / Published: 29 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Antibiotics Use and Antimicrobial Stewardship)
The challenge of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is grave in developing countries. Antimicrobials are misused yet stakeholders’ contribution to antimicrobial stewardship is low. Veterinary students are future prescribers and their knowledge could influence progress in combating AMR; hence, there is a need to assess their knowledge, attitude, and awareness of AMR. A multi-institutional questionnaire was administered to undergraduates in Nigerian veterinary schools. It comprised demographics, own personal antibiotic usage, and knowledge, attitude, and awareness of AMR in humans and animals. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used for analyses. Of the 426 respondents, 39.2% reported personal antimicrobial use in the previous six months. Over 60% received knowledge scores lower than average and >87% requested more education on clinical use and prescriptions pre-graduation, monitored dispensing of antimicrobials, conducting AMR research, and confirmed link among human, animal, and environmental health. Less than 25% of respondents were aware of antimicrobial stewardship and global efforts/organizations for AMR. Final year students have 9-fold and 14-fold more satisfactory knowledge on antimicrobials in humans and animals compared with other students, respectively (p = 0.001). Final year students also have more knowledge (13×) and awareness of contributory factors (3×) on AMR (p = 0.001) than other students. Unsatisfactory knowledge on AMR issues exists among veterinary students yet willingness to improve was observed. Identified knowledge, attitude, and gaps in AMR awareness should be targeted by veterinary schools in Nigeria. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance; antibiotics use; veterinary students; knowledge; awareness; Nigeria antimicrobial resistance; antibiotics use; veterinary students; knowledge; awareness; Nigeria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Odetokun, I.A.; Akpabio, U.; Alhaji, N.B.; Biobaku, K.T.; Oloso, N.O.; Ghali-Mohammed, I.; Biobaku, A.J.; Adetunji, V.O.; Fasina, F.O. Knowledge of Antimicrobial Resistance among Veterinary Students and Their Personal Antibiotic Use Practices: A National Cross-Sectional Survey. Antibiotics 2019, 8, 243. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics8040243

AMA Style

Odetokun IA, Akpabio U, Alhaji NB, Biobaku KT, Oloso NO, Ghali-Mohammed I, Biobaku AJ, Adetunji VO, Fasina FO. Knowledge of Antimicrobial Resistance among Veterinary Students and Their Personal Antibiotic Use Practices: A National Cross-Sectional Survey. Antibiotics. 2019; 8(4):243. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics8040243

Chicago/Turabian Style

Odetokun, Ismail A.; Akpabio, Uduak; Alhaji, Nma B.; Biobaku, Khalid T.; Oloso, Nurudeen O.; Ghali-Mohammed, Ibraheem; Biobaku, Asmau J.; Adetunji, Victoria O.; Fasina, Folorunso O. 2019. "Knowledge of Antimicrobial Resistance among Veterinary Students and Their Personal Antibiotic Use Practices: A National Cross-Sectional Survey" Antibiotics 8, no. 4: 243. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics8040243

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