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Open AccessArticle

Solution-Mediated Modulation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Formation by a Cationic Synthetic Polymer

1
Macromolecular Science and Engineering Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
2
Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Hyogo, 2167 Shosha, Himeji, Hyogo 671-2280, Japan
3
Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences & Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antibiotics 2019, 8(2), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics8020061
Received: 18 April 2019 / Revised: 4 May 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 10 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Peptides, Polymers and Surfaces)
Bacterial biofilms and their associated infections are a continuing problem in the healthcare community. Previous approaches utilizing anti-biofilm coatings suffer from short lifetimes, and their applications are limited to surfaces. In this research, we explored a new approach to biofilm prevention based on the hypothesis that changing planktonic bacteria behavior to result in sub-optimal biofilm formation. The behavior of planktonic Pseudomonas aeruginosa exposed to a cationic polymer was characterized for changes in growth behavior and aggregation behavior, and linked to resulting P. aeruginosa biofilm formation, biomass, viability, and metabolic activity. The incubation of P. aeruginosa planktonic bacteria with a cationic polymer resulted in the aggregation of planktonic bacteria, and a reduction in biofilm development. We propose that cationic polymers may sequester planktonic bacteria away from surfaces, thereby preventing their attachment and suppressing biofilm formation. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofilms; antimicrobial polymers; materials biofilms; antimicrobial polymers; materials
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Foster, L.L.; Yusa, S.-I.; Kuroda, K. Solution-Mediated Modulation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Formation by a Cationic Synthetic Polymer. Antibiotics 2019, 8, 61.

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