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Open AccessArticle

Antimicrobial Stewardship Programmes in Saudi Hospitals: Evidence from a National Survey

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Clinical Pharmacy, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia
School of Health and Wellbeing, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol BS16 1DD, UK
Department of Clinical, Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, School of Life and Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
General Department of Pharmaceutical Care, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Masafumi Seki
Antibiotics 2021, 10(2), 193;
Received: 28 December 2020 / Revised: 6 February 2021 / Accepted: 15 February 2021 / Published: 17 February 2021
Saudi hospitals and healthcare facilities are facing increasing rates of antimicrobial resistance and the emergence of new multi-drug resistant strains. This is placing an unprecedented threat to successful treatments and outcomes of patients accessing those facilities. The inappropriate use of antimicrobials is fueling this crisis, warranting urgent implementation of interventions to preserve antimicrobials and reduce resistance rates. Antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASPs) can improve antimicrobial use, treatment success rates and reduce the levels of antimicrobial resistance. The Saudi Ministry of Health (MOH) devised a national antimicrobial stewardship plan to implement ASPs in hospitals, but little is known about the progress of implementation and the factors affecting it. This study aims to assess the level and the factors affecting the adoption and implementation of ASPs in Saudi hospitals at a national level. A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2017 using an online questionnaire sent to all MOH hospitals. Overall, 147 out 247 MOH hospitals responded to the survey (54%). Only 26% of the hospitals reported the implementation of ASPs. Hospitals lack the knowledge, technological and staff resources to adopt and implement ASPs. Alternative models of ASP adoption could be explored to improve the rates of implementation of ASPs. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial stewardship programmes; antimicrobial resistance; hospitals antimicrobial stewardship programmes; antimicrobial resistance; hospitals
MDPI and ACS Style

Alghamdi, S.; Berrou, I.; Aslanpour, Z.; Mutlaq, A.; Haseeb, A.; Albanghali, M.; Hammad, M.A.; Shebl, N. Antimicrobial Stewardship Programmes in Saudi Hospitals: Evidence from a National Survey. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 193.

AMA Style

Alghamdi S, Berrou I, Aslanpour Z, Mutlaq A, Haseeb A, Albanghali M, Hammad MA, Shebl N. Antimicrobial Stewardship Programmes in Saudi Hospitals: Evidence from a National Survey. Antibiotics. 2021; 10(2):193.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alghamdi, Saleh; Berrou, Ilhem; Aslanpour, Zoe; Mutlaq, Alaa; Haseeb, Abdul; Albanghali, Mohammad; Hammad, Mohamed A.; Shebl, Nada. 2021. "Antimicrobial Stewardship Programmes in Saudi Hospitals: Evidence from a National Survey" Antibiotics 10, no. 2: 193.

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