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Open AccessArticle

Transgenic Plant Detection Using an AuNPs Based SPR Biosensor

1
The NanoBioMedical Centre, Adam Mickiewicz University, Wszechnicy Piastowskiej 3, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
2
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Dojazd 11, 60-632 Poznan, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biosensors 2019, 9(4), 116; https://doi.org/10.3390/bios9040116
Received: 27 August 2019 / Revised: 20 September 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 30 September 2019
The intensive development and commercialization of genetically modified plants observed over the last decade has led to the development of transgenic detection methods that are rapid and sensitive. Among the strategies used for the detection/monitoring of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), surface plasmon resonance (SPR) meets the necessary criteria. This optical technique measures the changes in the refractive index in the vicinity of thin metal layers (i.e., gold) in response to biomolecular interactions occurring at a flat metal‒solution interface. Additionally, it allows the application of functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in SPR research to enhance the signal intensity. In the present study, an SPR method, enhanced by the application of AuNPs, was developed to detect transgenic tobacco plants carrying a Streptococcus mutans antigen. The basis for the detection of the target DNA was the hybridization between the genomic DNA isolated from the leaves, stems, and roots of the transgenic tobacco and the biotinylated oligonucleotide probes immobilized onto a streptavidin (SA) sensor chip. SA-functionalized AuNPs coated with a second type of biotinylated probe were applied to increase the sensitivity of the detection method. Analysis of the results indicated that the constructed SPR-based sensor chip can potentially recognize complementary standard fragments (nonamplified genomic DNA) at concentrations as low as 1 pM. Thus, nonamplified transgenic DNA was detected using a label-free and real-time AuNPs-enhanced SPR biosensing method. This unique approach could be used to detect GMOs with high efficiency, even at a low detection limit, high repeatability, and with less time and a lower cost needed for each analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: biosensor; genetically modified organism (GMO); gold nanoparticles; surface plasmon resonance (SPR); transgene detection biosensor; genetically modified organism (GMO); gold nanoparticles; surface plasmon resonance (SPR); transgene detection
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Grześkowiak, B.F.; Tuśnio, K.; Woźniak, A.; Szalata, M.; Lipiński, D.; Jurga, S.; Słomski, R. Transgenic Plant Detection Using an AuNPs Based SPR Biosensor. Biosensors 2019, 9, 116.

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